Gene cloning and biochemical characterization of a catalase from Gluconobacter oxydans.
ABSTRACT Gluconobacter oxydans has a large number of membrane-bound dehydrogenases linked to the respiratory chain that catalyze incomplete oxidation of a wide range of organic compounds by oxidative fermentation. Because the respiratory chain is a primary site of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, the bacterium is expected to have a high capacity to detoxify nascent ROS. In the present study, a gene that encodes a catalase of G. oxydans, which might act as a potential scavenger of H(2)O(2), was cloned, and the expression product (termed rGoxCat) was characterized biochemically. rGoxCat is a heme b-containing tetrameric protein (molecular mass, 320 kDa) consisting of identical subunits. The recombinant enzyme displayed a strong catalase activity with a k(cat) of 6.28×10(4) s(-1) and a K(m) for H(2)O(2) of 61 mM; however, rGoxCat exhibited no peroxidase activity. These results, along with the phylogenetic position of the enzyme, provide conclusive evidence that rGoxCat is a monofunctional, large-subunit catalase. The enzyme was most stable in the pH range of 4-9, and greater than 60% of the original activity was retained after treatment at pH 3.0 and 40°C for 1h. Moreover, the enzyme exhibited excellent thermostability for a catalase from a mesophilic organism, retaining full activity after incubation for 30 min at 70°C. The observed catalytic properties of rGoxCat, as well as its stability in a slightly acidic environment, are consistent with its role in the elimination of nascent H(2)O(2) in a bacterium that produces a large amount of organic acid via oxidative fermentation.
Article: Characterization of Catalase from Psychrotolerant Psychrobacter piscatorii T-3 Exhibiting High Catalase Activity.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A psychrotolerant bacterium, strain T-3 (identified as Psychrobacter piscatorii), that exhibited an extraordinarily high catalase activity was isolated from the drain pool of a plant that uses H(2)O(2) as a bleaching agent. Its cell extract exhibited a catalase activity (19,700 U·mg protein(-1)) that was higher than that of Micrococcus luteus used for industrial catalase production. Catalase was approximately 10% of the total proteins in the cell extract of the strain. The catalase (PktA) was purified homogeneously by only two purification steps, anion exchange and hydrophobic chromatographies. The purified catalase exhibited higher catalytic efficiency and higher sensitivity of activity at high temperatures than M. luteus catalase. The deduced amino acid sequence showed the highest homology with catalase of Psycrobacter cryohalolentis, a psychrotolelant bacterium obtained from Siberian permafrost. These findings suggest that the characteristics of the PktA molecule reflected the taxonomic relationship of the isolate as well as the environmental conditions (low temperatures and high concentrations of H(2)O(2)) under which the bacterium survives. Strain T-3 efficiently produces a catalase (PktA) at a higher rate than Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans, which produces a very strong activity of catalase (EktA) at a moderate rate, in order to adapt to high concentration of H(2)O(2).International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(2):1733-46. · 2.60 Impact Factor