One NOTCH Further: Jagged 1 in Bone Metastasis
ABSTRACT The outgrowth of metastatic cells to bone depends on the interaction between multiple intrinsic and host factors. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Sethi and colleagues report Notch signaling in bone cells as responsible for promoting this outgrowth and provide evidence for a beneficial treatment effect of NOTCH inhibitors.
SourceAvailable from: Xiaoge Gao[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patients with bone cancer metastasis suffer from unbearable pain and bone fractures due to bone remodeling. This is caused by tumor cells that disturb the bone microenvironment. Here, we have investigated the role of tumor-secreted sugar-binding protein, i.e., galectin-3, on osteoblast differentiation and report that it downregulates the expression of osteoblast differentiation markers, e.g., RUNX2, SP7, ALPL, COL1A1, IBSP, and BGLAP, of treated human fetal osteoblast (hFOB) cells. Co-culturing of hFOB cells with human breast cancer BT-549 and prostate cancer LNCaP cells harboring galectin-3 has resulted in inhibition of osteoblast differentiation by the secreted galectin-3 into culture medium. The inhibitory effect of galectin-3 was found to be through its binding to Notch1 in a sugar-dependent manner that has led to accelerated Notch1 cleavage and activation of Notch signaling. Taken together, our findings show that soluble galectin-3 in the bone microenvironment niche regulates bone remodeling through Notch signaling, suggesting a novel bone metastasis therapeutic target.Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.) 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.neo.2014.09.005 · 5.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Osteogenic sarcoma (OS) is a deadly skeletal malignancy whose cause is unknown. We report here a mouse model of OS based on conditional expression of the intracellular domain of Notch1 (NICD). Expression of the NICD in immature osteoblasts was sufficient to drive the formation of bone tumors, including OS, with complete penetrance. These tumors display features of human OS; namely, histopathology, cytogenetic complexity, and metastatic potential. We show that Notch activation combined with loss of p53 synergistically accelerates OS development in mice, although p53-driven OS is not Rbpj dependent, which demonstrates a dual dominance of the Notch oncogene and p53 mutation in the development of OS. Using this model, we also reveal the osteoblasts as the potential sources of OS.Cancer Cell 09/2014; 26(3):390-401. DOI:10.1016/j.ccr.2014.07.023 · 23.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To summarize promising areas of investigation in osteoporosis and to stimulate further research in this area, as discussed in a recent international conference. Over the recent years, there has been an improvement in the knowledge of molecular pathways involved in bone formation and resorption with the development of new drugs to treat osteoporosis. Intact parathyroid hormone, teriparatide, and anti-sclerostin monoclonal antibody are anabolic drugs, whereas denosumab and odanacatib are anti-resorptive drugs with more reversible effects as compared to bisphosphonates. Anabolic and anti-resorptive agents have different effects on bone, and research in this area includes the efficacy of combination and sequential therapies with them. New insights in the molecular pathways of bone remodeling have clarified the mechanisms responsible for skeletal fragility in several forms of secondary osteoporosis, such as that occurring in type 2 diabetes, following drug exposure and systemic inflammatory diseases. Future research is needed to address the efficacy of anti-osteoporotic drugs in these more recently recognized conditions of skeletal fragility. Osteoporosis continues to be an important field of biomedical research.Endocrine 12/2011; 41(1):58-69. DOI:10.1007/s12020-011-9570-2 · 3.53 Impact Factor