Association between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and occult coronary artery disease detected by multi-detector computed tomography.

Asan Heart Institute, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, South Korea.
International journal of cardiology (Impact Factor: 6.18). 02/2011; 157(2):227-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.01.045
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Arterial stiffness, assessed by aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), has been reported to predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We assessed the association between arterial stiffness, as determined by PWV, and occult coronary artery disease (CAD), as detected by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT), in asymptomatic individuals.
We retrospectively enrolled 615 consecutive South Korean individuals who had undergone both brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) and coronary CT angiography during general routine health evaluations at the Asan Medical Center in 2008.
We found that baPWV was positively correlated with age; body mass index; blood pressure; total cholesterol, homocysteine, and fasting blood glucose concentrations; and coronary artery calcium score. When we divided subjects into two groups according to the results of MDCT, we found that baPWV was significantly higher in subjects with (diameter of stenosis >50%) than without CAD (1573.2 ± 275.6 cm/s vs. 1409.6 ± 235.6 cm/s, p<0.01). The optimal baPWV cutoff value for detection of significant coronary arterial stenosis was 1426.0 cm/s, which had a sensitivity of 77% and a specificity of 63% (area under curve=0.71). After adjusting for age, smoking status, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, the odds ratio for significant occult CAD was 3.30 (95% CI=1.47-7.41, p<0.01).
We found that baPWV was associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including CACS, in asymptomatic individuals, and the optimal baPWV cutoff value for occult CAD detected by MDCT was 1426 cm/s. These findings suggest that baPWV may be a useful screening tool for predicting occult CAD.

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