Hetland TE, Hellesylt E, Flørenes VA, Tropé C, Davidson B, Kærn JClass III β-tubulin expression in advanced-stage serous ovarian carcinoma effusions is associated with poor survival and primary chemoresistance. Hum Pathol 42(7): 1019-1026
The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical role of nestin, a stem cell marker, and class III β-tubulin in advanced-stage serous ovarian carcinoma. Nestin and class III β-tubulin protein expression were investigated in 217 effusions using immunohistochemistry. Results were analyzed for association with clinicopathologic parameters including chemotherapy response and survival. Class III β-tubulin and nestin were expressed in tumor cells in 98.6% and 95.6% of specimens, respectively. Staining extent was comparable in prechemotherapy and postchemotherapy effusions. No association was found with patient age, histologic grade, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, primary surgery versus secondary debulking, or residual disease volume. High class III β-tubulin expression in prechemotherapy effusions was significantly associated with primary chemoresistance (progression-free survival <6 months; P = .036) and with a trend for less favorable response to first-line treatment (P = .054). In univariate survival analysis, high class III β-tubulin expression in prechemotherapy effusions was significantly associated with poor overall survival (P = .021), with a trend for poor progression-free survival (P = .067). These associations did not have independent prognostic value in Cox multivariate analysis. Nestin expression was unrelated to chemoresistance or survival. Both class III β-tubulin and nestin are frequently expressed in serous ovarian carcinoma cells in effusions. Nestin does not provide predictive or prognostic data in this patient group, whereas class III β-tubulin expression in prechemotherapy effusions is associated with poor chemoresponse and shorter survival, suggesting that it may be a therapeutic target in ovarian cancer.
"Mutations in p53 are a common event in tumourigenesis, being particularly common in serous ovarian carcinomas (∼96% Hetland et al, 2011), but are remarkably uncommon in OCCC (9–10% Tan and Kaye, 2007). This implies that other antiapoptotic mechanisms are likely to be involved in the development of OCCC. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ovarian clear cell carcinomas (OCCCs) account for about 5-13% of all epithelial ovarian carcinomas in Western populations. It is characterised by resistance to conventional platinum-based chemotherapy, and new therapeutic strategies are urgently required. This article will focus on how recent discoveries have enhanced our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of OCCCs, leading to new therapeutic opportunities. These include mutations in ARID1A, which provides a link to endometriosis, upregulation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT pathway, particularly through mutations of PIK3CA and inactivation of PTEN, and increased activity of pathways involved in angiogenesis. Targeting HER2, apoptotic escape mechanisms and mismatch repair defects offer additional opportunities for treating this enigmatic tumour subtype.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 4 April 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.126 www.bjcancer.com.
British Journal of Cancer 04/2013; 108(8). DOI:10.1038/bjc.2013.126 · 4.84 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to analyze the expression and clinical role of the high mobility group AT hook (HMGA) protein in advanced-stage serous ovarian carcinoma. HMGA2 protein expression was investigated in 199 effusions and in 50 patient-matched primary tumors and solid metastases using immunohistochemistry. Results were analyzed for association with clinicopathologic parameters, including chemotherapy response, and survival. HMGA2 was expressed in tumor cells in 94.5 %, 96 %, and 90 % of specimens, respectively. There was no difference in HMGA2 expression between patient-matched samples from different anatomic sites (p > 0.3). HMGA2 expression in chemo-naïve samples was significantly higher in older patients (p = 0.006, p = 0.01, and p = 0.005 for effusions, primary tumors, and solid metastases, respectively). No association was found with residual disease volume. Furthermore, HMGA2 expression was not associated with FIGO stage (p > 0.2), except in chemo-naïve effusions (n = 106, p = 0.016). There was no difference in HMGA2 expression between chemo-naïve samples and samples obtained post-chemotherapy in effusions (p = 0.2) or primary tumors (p = 0.1). However, solid metastases obtained after chemotherapy exposure had higher HMGA2 expression compared with chemo-naïve samples (p = 0.032). HMGA2 expression was unrelated to chemotherapy response or survival. However, it was directly related to protein expression of the previously studied cancer stem cell marker Nestin (p = 0.01) and the gap junction protein claudin-7 (p = 0.02) and inversely related to the mRNA level of the E-cadherin repressor SIP1 (p = 0.02). This study provides evidence that HMGA2 is universally expressed in advanced-stage ovarian serous carcinoma irrespective of anatomic site, suggesting that HMGA2 may have a clinical role as therapeutic target.
Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 04/2012; 460(5):505-13. DOI:10.1007/s00428-012-1228-9 · 2.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Resistance to platinum- and taxane-based chemotherapy is a major cause of treatment failure in ovarian cancer. Thus, it is necessary to develop a predictive marker and molecular target for overcoming drug resistance in ovarian cancer treatment. In a previous report, using an in vitro model, we found that the RET finger protein (RFP) (also known as tripartite motif-containing protein 27, TRIM27) confers cancer cell resistance to anticancer drugs. However, the significance of RFP expression in cancer patients remains elusive. In this study, we showed that RFP was expressed in 62% of ovarian cancer patients and its positivity significantly correlated with drug resistance. Consistent with clinical data, depletion of RFP by RNA interference (RNAi) in ovarian cancer cell lines, SKOV3 and HEY, significantly increased carboplatin- or paclitaxel-induced apoptosis and resulted in reduced anticancer drug resistance. In a nude mouse tumor xenograft model, inoculated RFP-knockdown ovarian cancer cells exhibited lower carboplatin resistance than control cells. These findings suggest that RFP could be a predictive marker for chemoresistance in ovarian cancer patients and also a candidate for a molecular-targeted agent.
Cancer Medicine 10/2012; 1(2):218-29. DOI:10.1002/cam4.32 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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