MicroRNA identity and abundance in developing swine adipose tissue as determined by Solexa sequencing.
ABSTRACT MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small ∼22-nt regulatory RNAs that regulate the stability and translation of cognate mRNAs. MiRNAs participate in the regulation of adipogenesis, and identification of the full repertoire of miRNAs expressed in adipose tissue is likely to significantly increase our understanding of adipose tissue growth and development. Here, we adopted a deep sequencing approach to determine the identity and abundance of miRNAs in developing swine adipose tissue. Via this approach, we identified the sequences and relative expression levels of 227 conserved miRNAs (of which 59 were novel) and 66 potential porcine miRNAs. The expression levels displayed a large range, as reflected by the number of sequence reads, which varied from several counts for rare miRNAs to several million reads for the most abundant miRNAs. The abundant miRNAs principally belonged to 32 miRNA gene families, including miR-143, miR-103, let-7, and miR-148. Of the conserved miRNAs, 93 miRNAs were up-regulated and 33 miRNAs were down-regulated in the adult pig adipose tissue. Moreover, we observed sequence variants and seed edits of the miRNAs. KEGG pathway analysis and GO term enrichment suggested that highly expressed miRNAs are involved in adipose tissue development, signal transduction, cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix communication, neural development and function, and lipid metabolism including carboxylic acid, oxoacid, fatty acid, steroid, glycerolipid, alcohol and phospholipid metabolism. Our results expand the number of known porcine miRNAs and provide a thorough account of the miRNA transcriptome in porcine adipose tissue.
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are class of molecular regulators found to participate in numerous biological processes, such as adipogenesis and obesity in mammals. To determine the roles of miRNAs involved in castration-induced body fatness, we investigated the different miRNA expression patterns in subcutaneous adipose tissue between intact and castrated male pigs. Our results showed that castration led to decrease serum testosterone but increase serum Leptin levels (P < 0.01). Moreover, castration also increased adipocyte size, body fat content and backfat thickness in male pigs (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, miRNA expression profiles in adipose tissue were changed by castration, and 18 miRNAs were considered as the differentially expressed candidates between intact and castrated male pigs. Furthermore, functional analysis indicated that the differential expressed miRNAs and their target genes are involved in the regulation of fatty acid metabolism. In brief, our present study provides a comprehensive view on how miRNAs works in subcutaneous adipose tissue with castration. These results suggested that miRNAs might play an important role in the castration-induced fat deposition in male pigs.Journal of applied genetics 01/2014; 55(2). DOI:10.1007/s13353-014-0194-0 · 1.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are a class of endogenous small RNAs that play important roles in post-transcriptional gene regulation by directing degradation of mRNAs or facilitating repression of target gene translation. In this study, three small RNA cDNA libraries from the mammary gland tissues of Laoshan dairy goats (Capra hircus) were constructed and sequenced, individually. Through Solexa high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, we obtained 50 presumptive novel miRNAs candidates, and 55,448 putative target genes were predicted. GO annotations and KEGG pathway analyses showed the majority of target genes were involved in various biological processes and metabolic pathways. Our results discovered more information about the regulation network between miRNAs and mRNAs and paved a foundation for the molecular genetics of mammary gland development in goats.Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 03/2013; 26(3). DOI:10.5713/ajas.2012.12422 · 0.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: MiR-143 plays an important role in promoting the adipogenic differentiation of pre-adipocytes. Here, we report that systematic silencing of miR-143 in mice by using a locked-nucleic-acid-modified oligonucleotide (LNA-antimiR) did not lead to any obvious abnormalities in the adipose tissue differentiation. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in the expression level of several adipogenic marker genes, such as PPARγ and C/EBPα, in these animals compared with the controls. Therefore, we hypothesize that miR-143 may function as a fine tuning molecule rather than as a switch in the adipogenic regulatory network in mice. In addition, the proposed miR-143 target, ERK5, which was previously identified in human preadipocytes, was not effectively inhibited by miR-143 either in the murine preadipocyte cell line, 3T3-L1, or in primary mouse adipose tissue. However, we did fibroblast growth factor 7 (Fgf7) was identified as a target of miR-143 in murine adipogenesis.Biotechnology Letters 12/2012; 35(4). DOI:10.1007/s10529-012-1112-3 · 1.74 Impact Factor