Neuroform Stent-Assisted Embolization of Incidental Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms: Long-term Clinical and Angiographic Follow-up

Department of Neurological Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA.
Neurosurgery (Impact Factor: 3.03). 02/2011; 69(1):27-37; discussion 37. DOI: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31820edbb6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Anterior communicating artery (A-comm) aneurysm is one of the most common intracranial aneurysms. Treatments include neurosurgical clipping or endovascular embolization.
To retrospectively examine the long-term results of Neuroform stent-assisted coil embolization of incidental A-comms, with a focus on stent-associated stenosis, long-term angiographic aneurysm occlusion outcome, delayed stent-related thromboembolus, subsequent subarachnoid hemorrhage from the treated aneurysm, and procedural complications.
Between January 7, 2003 and June 16, 2009, 44 Neuroform stents were placed as an adjunct to embolization of A-comms. Patient charts were reviewed retrospectively. Angiographic follow-up of at least 3 months (up to 6.5 years, mean 65 weeks) was available for 33 patients. Aneurysm occlusion success was determined using the Raymond classification for aneurysm remnants.
Referencing the last angiogram in the follow-up course, complete occlusion, dog-ear residual, residual neck, and residual aneurysm were found in 24, 2, 3, and 4 patients, respectively. Stenosis (45% and asymptomatic) of the artery where the stent had been placed was found in 1 patient. One patient had delayed transient ischemic attack after dual antiplatelet therapy was stopped prematurely. Retreatment based on the presence of residual aneurysm was performed or recommended in 2 patients. In 2 patients with residual or recurrent aneurysm filling, their age or clinical condition did not warrant retreatment.
Neuroform stent-assisted embolization provides long-term control of A-comms with a low incidence of aneurysm growth after treatment. The need for retreatment is uncommon, and retreatment is safe if performed. Subsequent bleeding from treated aneurysms was not observed in this study.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Object The endovascular treatment of wide-necked aneurysms can be technically challenging due to distal coil migration or impingement of the parent vessel. In this paper, the authors illustrate an alternative method for the treatment of wide-necked intracranial aneurysms using a dual microcatheter technique. Methods The authors' first 100 consecutive patients who underwent coil embolization of a wide-necked aneurysm using a dual microcatheter technique are reported. With this technique, 2 microcatheters are used to introduce coils into the aneurysm. The coils are deployed either sequentially or concurrently to form a stable construct and prevent coil herniation or migration. Angiographic and clinical outcomes are reported. Results The technical success rate of the dual microcatheter technique is 91% with a morbidity and mortality of 1% and 2%, respectively. Clinical outcomes are excellent with 93% of patients demonstrating a modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2 at long-term follow-up regardless of their score at presentation. Retreatment rates are 18%. Conclusions The dual microcatheter technique may be a safe and efficacious first line of treatment for widenecked aneurysms.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 08/2014; 121(5):1-9. DOI:10.3171/2014.7.JNS132237 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Context:Stent-assisted coiling of wide-necked and complex intracranial aneurysms is an effective and feasible treatment option. The self-expanding, fully retrievable Solitaire AB (eV3, Irvine, CA, USA) stent is the latest neurovascular remodeling device available. To the best of our knowledge, there are no studies of Solitaire AB-assisted coiling of wide-necked intracranial aneurysms from India.Aim:Solitaire AB-assisted coiling of wide-necked intracranial aneurysms.Materials and Methods:The study was conducted in a tertiary care center with a dedicated Interventional Neurology division from 2009 to 2013. Consecutive patients with wide-necked aneurysms who underwent coiling assisted by the Solitaire AB stent were enrolled in the study. Axium 3D and Helix (eV3, Irvine, CA, USA) platinum coils were used to densely pack the aneurysm sac after deploying the stent across the neck. All patients were pretreated with antiplatelets according to protocol. Subsequently, dual antiplatelets were given for 6 months followed by continued aspirin. Outcome was assessed at 3 months using the modified Rankin Scale.Statistical Analysis Used:Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS 17.0 software.Results:A total of 16 patients underwent stent-assisted coiling. The most common site was the internal carotid artery (nine patients), median aneurysm size was 7 mm and median neck diameter was 5 mm. Thirteen patients presented with ruptured aneurysms. We achieved complete occlusion in all patients with no major complications. Thirteen patients were followed up, all have an mRS score of zero or one.Conclusion:We conclude that for wide-necked aneurysms, stent-assisted coiling using the Solitaire AB is a safe and effective treatment option.
    07/2014; 5(3):254-7. DOI:10.4103/0976-3147.133577
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The management of intracranial aneurysms has evolved significantly over the past 2 decades. Anterior communicating artery aneurysms (AComAAs) represent a common and often challenging problem for physicians and patients. Experience and technological advances have broadened the indications for endovascular treatment of all aneurysms. Balloon-mounted catheters and intracranial stents are 2 technological advancements that have made the treatment of previously uncoilable aneurysms feasible. As with all intracranial aneurysms, complete angiographic occlusion remains the goal of care. Balancing the risks of thromboembolic complications with decreasing the risk of hemorrhage, especially in acutely ruptured aneurysms, represents an objective for vascular neurosurgeons.
    Neurosurgery Clinics of North America 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/ · 1.54 Impact Factor