The short QT syndrome: proposed diagnostic criteria.
ABSTRACT We aimed to develop diagnostic criteria for the short QT syndrome (SQTS) to facilitate clinical evaluation of suspected cases.
The SQTS is a cardiac channelopathy associated with atrial fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. Ten years after its original description, a consensus regarding an appropriate QT interval cutoff and specific diagnostic criteria have yet to be established.
The MEDLINE database was searched for all reported cases of SQTS in the English language, and all relevant data were extracted. The distribution of QT intervals and electrocardiographic (ECG) features in affected cases were analyzed and compared to data derived from ECG analysis from general population studies.
A total of 61 reported cases of SQTS were identified. Index events, including sudden cardiac death, aborted cardiac arrest, syncope, and/or atrial fibrillation occurred in 35 of 61 (57.4%) cases. The cohort was predominantly male (75.4%) and had a mean QT(c) value of 306.7 ms with values ranging from 248 to 381 ms in symptomatic cases. In reference to the ECG characteristics of the general population, and in consideration of clinical presentation, family history, and genetic findings, a highly sensitive diagnostic scoring system was developed.
Based on a comprehensive review of 61 reported cases of the SQTS, formal diagnostic criteria have been proposed that will facilitate diagnostic evaluation in suspected cases of SQTS. Diagnostic criteria may lead to a greater recognition of this condition and provoke screening of at-risk family members.
- AACN Advanced Critical Care 07/2014; 25(3):297-304.
- Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 09/2014; 103(3):e37-e40. · 1.12 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 52-year-old man who presented to our emergency department (ED) after three episodes of syncope in the seven hours before admission. During his stay in the ED he had recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) requiring external electrical cardioversion. A 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a short QT (SQT) interval (270 ms, QTc 327 ms), with frequent R-on-T extrasystoles triggering sustained polymorphic VT. After exclusion of other precipitating causes, the patient was diagnosed as having SQT syndrome (SQTS) according to the Gollob criteria. To our knowledge, this is the first known documentation of an SQT-caused arrhythmic episode on a 12-lead ECG, as well as the first reported case of SQTS in Portugal. The patient received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and was discharged. At a follow-up assessment 14 months later he was symptom-free, interrogation of the device showed no arrhythmic events, and the ECG showed a QT interval of 320 ms (QTc 347 ms).Revista portuguesa de cardiologia: orgao oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia = Portuguese journal of cardiology: an official journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology 10/2014; 33. · 0.53 Impact Factor