Diets high in conjugated linoleic acid from pasture-fed cattle did not alter markers of health in young women
ABSTRACT Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) purportedly alters body composition, glucose tolerance, hepatic function, lipoprotein distributions, and other markers of health. Results are often inconclusive or contradictory, and presently, no studies have investigated the effects of naturally incorporated CLA from pasture-fed beef and dairy products on human health. We hypothesized that a diet comprised of foods naturally enriched with CLA from pasture-fed cattle would result in improved insulin sensitivity, body composition, circulating lipids, and other disease risk factors when compared to a diet comprised of commercial foods naturally low in CLA from grain-fed cattle. Eighteen healthy women 20 to 39 years of age consumed one of these 2 diets for 56 days. Balanced nutritionally complete diets comprised of 31% energy from lipid, 13% from protein, and 54% from carbohydrate were administered, with the primary difference being CLA content (CLA diet: 1.17 g/d; control diet: 0.35 g/d). The CLA diet did not result in any differences in insulin sensitivity, body composition, circulating blood lipids, or other measured disease risk factors as compared with the control diet. Thus, we conclude that a diet naturally enriched with over a 3-fold increase in CLA from pasture-fed cattle did not significantly alter selected health risk factors in healthy, premenopausal women as compared with a similar diet composed of foods from grain-fed cattle.
- SourceAvailable from: Mohamed El-SherbinyBiotechnology of Bioactive Compounds: Sources and Applications, Edited by Vijai Kumar Gupta, Maria G. Tuohy, Anthonia O'Donovan, Mohtashim Lohani, 03/2015: chapter 25: pages 599-630; John Wiley & Sons., ISBN: 978-1-118-73349-3
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ABSTRACT: Despite its benefits, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may cause side effects after long-term administration. Because of this and utsthe controversial efficacy of CLA in humans, alternative biomolecules that may be used as functional ingredients have been studied in recent years. Thus, conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA) has been reported to be a potential anti-obesity molecule which may have additional positive effects related to obesity. According to the results reported in obesity, CLNA needs to be given at higher doses than CLA to be effective. However, because of the few studies conducted so far, it is still difficult to reach clear conclusions about the potential use of these CLNAs in obesity and its related changes (insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, or inflammation).Endocrinología y Nutrición 09/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Saturated and trans fatty acids have been associated with the risk to develop cardiovascular diseases. However, health-promoting effects are associated with consumption of anhydrous milk fat (AMF) and ruminant trans fatty acids, such as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vaccenic acid (VA) contained in the lipid fraction of milk and dairy products. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of AMF naturally enriched with CLA and VA in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), using sterculic oil to inhibit the conversion of VA into CLA. The administration of AMF to SHR during 7 weeks exerted beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk biomarkers (reduction of insulin, blood lipids, increase of adiponectin). When sterculic oil was included, some parameters were further ameliorated (reduction of insulin, increase of adiponectin). Sterculic oil alone reduced body weight and adiposity, and improved blood pressure, adiponectin and triglyceride levels.International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 01/2013; 64(5). DOI:10.3109/09637486.2013.763908 · 1.20 Impact Factor