"Twitter is also the second largest source – behind the social reference manager Mendeley – of altmetric data that can be currently collected , . Many papers , ,  discuss Twitter’s usefulness for scholarly communication, particularly in terms of distributing information to a wider audience of researchers and the general public. Data can be collected via Twitter’s API and filtered in great detail by taking advantage of the API documentation and metadata that is included with the data. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Because Twitter and other social media are increasingly used for analyses based on altmetrics, this research sought to understand what contexts, affordance use, and social activities influence the tweeting behavior of astrophysicists. Thus, the presented study has been guided by three research questions that consider the influence of astrophysicists' activities (i.e., publishing and tweeting frequency) and of their tweet construction and affordance use (i.e. use of hashtags, language, and emotions) on the conversational connections they have on Twitter. We found that astrophysicists communicate with a variety of user types (e.g. colleagues, science communicators, other researchers, and educators) and that in the ego networks of the astrophysicists clear groups consisting of users with different professional roles can be distinguished. Interestingly, the analysis of noun phrases and hashtags showed that when the astrophysicists address the different groups of very different professional composition they use very similar terminology, but that they do not talk to each other (i.e. mentioning other user names in tweets). The results also showed that in those areas of the ego networks that tweeted more the sentiment of the tweets tended to be closer to neutral, connecting frequent tweeting with information sharing activities rather than conversations or expressing opinions.
PLoS ONE 08/2014; 9(8):e106086. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0106086 · 3.23 Impact Factor
"Physicians use these key social networks : Twitter (400 million tweets are posted each day), a microblogging site, is used for rapid communication of ideas and opinions. Since Twitter started, hundreds of millions of tweets have included the word ''health''  . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Social media use is becoming common in medical practice. Although primarily used in this context to connect physicians, social media allows users share information, to create an online profile, to learn and keep knowledge up to date, to facilitate virtual attendance at medical conferences, and to measure impact within a field. However, shared content should be considered permanent and beyond the control of its author, and typical boundaries, such as the patient-physician interaction, become blurred, putting both parties at risk. The European Association of Urology brought together a committee of stakeholders to create guidance on the good practice and standards of use of social media. These encompass guidance about defining an online profile; managing accounts; protecting the reputations of yourself and your organization; protecting patient confidentiality; and creating honest, responsible content that reflects your standing as a physician and your membership within this profession.
European Urology 07/2014; 66(4). DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2014.06.046 · 13.94 Impact Factor
"When Web 2.0 technologies are applied in health care, the terms eHealth, Health 2.0, or Medicine 2.0 may be used  , facilitating (1) social networking, (2) participation, (3) apomediation, and (4) openness in groups. Several studies claim that Health 2.0 is transferring the way health professionals and patients interact and relate to each other    . In the literature on applying new technologies in the health care setting, several motives can be distinguished [8,10,14–18]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate patients' and health professionals' (a) motives and use of social media for health-related reasons, and (b) barriers and expectations for health-related social media use.
We conducted a descriptive online survey among 139 patients and 153 health care professionals in obstetrics and gynecology. In this survey, we asked the respondents about their motives and use of social network sites (SNS: Facebook and Hyves), Twitter, LinkedIn, and YouTube.
Results showed that patients primarily used Twitter (59.9%), especially for increasing knowledge and exchanging advice and Facebook (52.3%), particularly for social support and exchanging advice. Professionals primarily used LinkedIn (70.7%) and Twitter (51.2%), for communication with their colleagues and marketing reasons. Patients' main barriers for social media use were privacy concerns and unreliability of the information. Professionals' main barriers were inefficiency and lack of skills. Both patients and professionals expected future social media use, provided that they can choose their time of social media usage.
The results indicate disconcordance in patients' and professionals' motives and use of social media in health care.
Future studies on social media use in health care should not disregard participants' underlying motives, barriers and expectations regarding the (non)use of social media.
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