Article

Treatment of children with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a low-income country.

Division of Hematology, Department of Cellular Biotechnologies and Hematology, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
Pediatric Blood & Cancer (Impact Factor: 2.35). 04/2011; 56(4):560-7. DOI: 10.1002/pbc.22905
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An adapted LMB 96 derived protocol for B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) was implemented at the pediatric oncology unit of the Children Welfare Teaching Hospital in Baghdad (Iraq) from 2000 to present. The purpose was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of this intensive therapeutic regimen in a limited resource country.
Patients <15 years of age with high grade B-cell NHL were included. A modified LMB 96 regimen was employed with a reduction of cyclophosphamide and methotrexate dosages due to inadequate laboratory facilities and supportive care.
Between 2000 and 2005, 261 children with non-lymphoblastic NHL were registered; 239 were eligible for the analysis. Two patients had stage I disease, 20 stage II, 179 stage III, and 38 stage IV. Fifty-two patients (22%) had bulky disease. Twelve children were assigned to therapeutic group A (low risk), 184 to group B (intermediate risk), and 43 to group C (high risk). One hundred and eighty-four patients (77%) had a complete response after the COP pre-phase. Sixty-nine patients (29%) died during treatment. Twenty-nine patients abandoned treatment. At 24 months, the overall survival rate of the entire patient population was 66% (CI 95%: 62.2-70.6) and the event-free survival rate 53.3% (CI 95%: 50.0-56.8).
The treatment schedule proved effective, but the treatment-related mortality due to infections and metabolic complications was very high owing to the limited supportive care available. The high rate of treatment abandonment was also an important cause of failure, especially for children living far away from the hospital.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
110 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This brief report displays comprehensive details of health services provided by Children's Welfare Teaching Hospital, medical city, Baghdad. In 2010; 366 children with newly diagnosed cancer were admitted for treatment, two thirds were leukemia and lymphoma cases followed by other solid tumors except brain tumors. With this large number of patients; there are shortcomings in provision of health services in many aspects including professional manpower, infrastructure, diagnostic and therapeutic facilities, supportive and palliative care. The previous wars and sanction and the current instability of the country added to the socioeconomic difficulties of the families jeopardizing the appropriate therapy and ultimately the poor treatment outcome. Since 2003 an international collaboration had a major contribution in many aspects like provision of drugs and medical supplies, attendance of scientific workshops, and updating doctor's knowledge and experience through telemedicine programs which resulted in decreasing the induction mortality in acute lymphoblastic leukemia from 24% in the year 2007% to 10% in 2010 after introduction of pre-phase steroids and in acute promyelocytic leukemia from 95% to 5% after introduction of all trans-retinoic acid. A collaborative work with Rome University resulted in changing diagnosis of 20% of pathological samples sent there for reevaluation. Iraqi pediatric oncologists still need real attempts to improve infrastructure and human resources in addition to twinning programs with internationally recognized cancer centers to face these management challenges.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 10/2011; 33 Suppl 2:S154-6. · 0.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Use of current intensive chemotherapy protocols in pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in high-income countries resulted in event-free survival (EFS) rates ranging from 80 to 90%. The results are inferior in less privileged countries with limited resources for medical care. There are no reports about comprehensive data analysis in pediatric NHL in Serbia. A retrospective study was carried out at University Children's Hospital, Belgrade, in children aged less than 18 years diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma from 1997 to 2011. Fifty-seven children were eligible for analysis. Fourteen were diagnosed with lymphoblastic lymphoma, 38 with mature B-cell NHL (B-NHL), and 5 with anaplastic large-cell lymphoma. Mean age at diagnosis was 9.2 years, with male to female ratio 2.35:1. Children were treated according to Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) protocols. With median follow-up of 59.3 months, 5-year probability of EFS was 84.1% for all patients, whereas overall survival was 93%. These results with BFM protocol administration, although inferior to leading international groups, reflect good treatment outcome in our patients. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this article presents the first results regarding treatment and survival of childhood NHL in Serbia.
    Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 03/2012; 29(2):109-18. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Burkitt's lymphoma is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children. The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical course and prognostic factors of children and adolescents with Burkitt's lymphoma treated in the Hematology Unit of Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). A retrospective cohort study was made of 50 consecutive cases of children and adolescents aged 16 years or less with Burkitt's lymphoma admitted between January 1981 and December 2007. Prognostic factors associated with death were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the two-tailed log-rank test. The median age at diagnosis was 4.7 years. Most patients had abdominal tumors (66.7%) and advanced disease (68.9%) at diagnosis. Thirty-eight patients (84.4%) achieved complete clinical remission and 33 (73.3%) were alive at the first remission. Twelve children (26.7%) died. The median follow-up was 35 months with the probability of overall survival being 73% (89.2% and 35.7% for patients with uric acid < 7 mg/dL and ≥ 7.0 mg/dL, respectively - p-value < 0.001). Uric acid was the only significant prognostic factor at diagnosis. Our findings confirm the favorable prognosis of children with Burkitt's lymphoma even when treated with intermediate doses of methotrexate (500 mg/m2). Survival was significantly lower for individuals with concentrations of uric acid > 7 mg/dL.
    Revista brasileira de hematologia e hemoterapia. 01/2012; 34(5):361-6.

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
4 Downloads
Available from
Jul 18, 2014