Two-stage resection for bilobar colorectal liver metastases: R0 resection is the key.
ABSTRACT Two-stage liver resection (2-SLR) is used clinically in conjunction with portal vein embolization for bilobar disease to increase the number of patients suitable for liver resection. The long-term outcomes after 2-SLR for multiple bilobar colorectal liver metastases (CLM) was examined.
Patients who sought care between November 2003 and April 2006 with multiple CLM considered suitable for 2-SLR were prospectively followed. Clinicopathological data were collected. Surgical outcomes were defined as complete clearance of tumor (R0/R1/R2), postoperative morbidity (within 3 months), 30 day mortality, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS).
A total of 131 patients with CLM underwent liver resection during the study period, 38 of whom were planned for a 2-SLR for multiple bilobar disease. Only 33 (87%) completed the 2-SLR with a curative intent. Five patients did not undergo stage II resection because of disease progression. The postoperative morbidity was 11 and 33% after stage I and stage II liver resections, respectively. Five patients (13%) encountered postoperative complications specific to liver surgery. The median interval from stage II resection to disease recurrence in the R0 group was 18 months versus 3 months in the R1/R2 group (P < 0.001). R0 resection with curative intent versus R1/R2 noncurative resection has a significantly longer period of DFS (P < 0.001) and OS (P = 0.04).
The 2-SLR combined with portal vein embolization is an effective and safe method for resecting previously unresectable multiple bilobar CLM. However, a positive resection margin leads to poor DFS and OS.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic factors associated with long-term outcome after liver resection for colorectal metastases. The retrospective analysis included 297 liver resections for colorectal metastases. The variables considered included disease stage, differentiation grade, site and nodal metastasis of the primary tumor, number and diameter of the lesions, time from primary cancer to metastasis, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, adjuvant chemotherapy, type of resection, intraoperative ultrasonography and portal clamping use, blood loss, transfusions, complications, hospitalization, surgical margins status, and a clinical risk score (MSKCC-CRS). The univariate analysis revealed a significant difference (p < 0.05) in overall 5-year survival rates depending on the differentiation grade, preoperative CEA >5 and >200 ng/ml, diameter of the lesion >5 cm, time from primary tumor to metastases >12 months, MSKCC-CRS >2. The multivariate analysis showed three independent negative prognostic factors: G3 or G4 grade, CEA >5 ng/ml, and high MSKCC-CRS. No single prognostic factor proved to be associated with a sufficiently disappointing outcome to exclude patients from liver resection. However, in the presence of some prognostic factors (G3-G4 differentiation, preoperative CEA >5 ng/ml, high MSKCC-CRS), enrollment of patients in trials exploring new adjuvant treatments is suggested to improve the outcome after surgery.World Journal of Surgery 01/2008; 32(1):93-103. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hepatic wedge resection for colorectal liver metastasis has been reported to have a high incidence of positive surgical margins. Anatomic segmental resection is now widely practiced, although there are few data comparing segmental and wedge resection in terms of tumor clearance or long-term outcome. There were 267 patients who underwent liver resection for metastatic colorectal cancer between July 1985 and October 1998 at our institution who had either a wedge (n = 119) or segmental (n = 148) resection. Patient, tumor, and treatment data were compared, actuarial survival was determined, and prognostic factors were analyzed. Anatomic segmental resection was associated with similar blood loss, operative time, and complications as wedge resection. Segmental resection had a significantly lower rate of positive margins (2% vs. 16%) compared to wedge hepatectomy (P <0.001). On univariate analysis, segmentectomy resulted in longer survival with a median of 53 months vs. 38 months for wedge hepatectomy (P = 0.015). Preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen level, positive margin of resection, and the presence of extrahepatic disease independently predicted survival on multivariate analysis. Anatomic segmental resection is a safe procedure and is superior to wedge resection as an oncologic operation for colorectal liver metastasis because it results in better tumor clearance and improved survival.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 03/2000; 4(2):178-84. · 2.36 Impact Factor
- British Journal of Surgery - BRIT J SURG. 01/1997; 84(7):977-980.