Two-stage resection for bilobar colorectal liver metastases: R0 resection is the key.
ABSTRACT Two-stage liver resection (2-SLR) is used clinically in conjunction with portal vein embolization for bilobar disease to increase the number of patients suitable for liver resection. The long-term outcomes after 2-SLR for multiple bilobar colorectal liver metastases (CLM) was examined.
Patients who sought care between November 2003 and April 2006 with multiple CLM considered suitable for 2-SLR were prospectively followed. Clinicopathological data were collected. Surgical outcomes were defined as complete clearance of tumor (R0/R1/R2), postoperative morbidity (within 3 months), 30 day mortality, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS).
A total of 131 patients with CLM underwent liver resection during the study period, 38 of whom were planned for a 2-SLR for multiple bilobar disease. Only 33 (87%) completed the 2-SLR with a curative intent. Five patients did not undergo stage II resection because of disease progression. The postoperative morbidity was 11 and 33% after stage I and stage II liver resections, respectively. Five patients (13%) encountered postoperative complications specific to liver surgery. The median interval from stage II resection to disease recurrence in the R0 group was 18 months versus 3 months in the R1/R2 group (P < 0.001). R0 resection with curative intent versus R1/R2 noncurative resection has a significantly longer period of DFS (P < 0.001) and OS (P = 0.04).
The 2-SLR combined with portal vein embolization is an effective and safe method for resecting previously unresectable multiple bilobar CLM. However, a positive resection margin leads to poor DFS and OS.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term results of 2 surgical strategies for patients with bilobar colorectal liver metastases (bCRLM). Background: Two-stage hepatectomy is the surgical strategy mostly chosen for treating extensive BCLM with the pitfall of dropout after the first stage. One-stage strategy combining limited resections and radiofrequency ablation could be proposed as an option in this population. Patients and Methods: Between 2000 and 2010, 272 patients were consecutively operated in 2 expert centers practicing 1- or 2-stage hepatectomy for bCRLM. A case-match study (1: 1) was conducted using number and size of nodules, synchronous presentation, primary node status, and extrahepatic disease as matching variables to compare overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). The analysis was performed in intention to treat, including patients who did not undergo the second stage. Results: In the case-match analysis (156 matched patients), median OS and DFSdid not differ significantly between patients in 1- and 2-stage hepatectomy, respectively: 37.2 and 34.5 months (P = 0.6), 9.4 and 7.5 months (P = 0.25). Multivariate analysis confirmed the absence of impact of strategy on OS and DFS. Primary advanced T stage and synchronous presentation were predictors of poor OS (HR = 3.67 and 1.92); CEA more than 200 ng/mL, absence of postoperative chemotherapy, and extrahepatic disease were predictive of recurrence (HR = 2.77, 1.85 and 1.69, respectively). Conclusions: This first case-match study demonstrates that on an intention-to-treat analysis 1- and 2-stage hepatectomy in patients with bCRLM achieve comparable OS and DFS, despite the high dropout of the 2-stage strategy.Annals of Surgery 11/2014; 260(5):822-828. DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000000976 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Several reports have presented conflicting results regarding the association between resection margins (RMs) and outcome after surgery for colorectal liver metastases (CLM), especially in the era of modern chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of RMs on overall survival (OS), time to recurrence (TTR) and local recurrence (LR) status, particularly for patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy. A combined retrospective (1998 to 2008) and prospective (2008 to 2010) cohort study of consecutive patients with CLM without extrahepatic disease treated with primary resection at a medium volume centre. A total of 253 patients with known R status and 242 patients with defined margin width were included in the study. Patients were stratified according to margin width; A: R1, <1 mm (n = 48, 19%), B: 1 to 4 mm (n = 77), C: 5 to 9 mm (n = 46) and D: >=10 mm (n = 71). Median time to recurrence was 12.8 months, and after five years 21.5% had no recurrence. LR (inclusive combined recurrence in other hepatic sites or extrahepatic) occurred in 40 (16.5%) cases, most frequently seen with RMs below 5 mm. Five-year OS was 42.5% in R0 and 16.1% in R1 resections (P = 0.011). Patients were also stratified according to preoperative chemotherapy (n = 88), and the difference in five-year OS between R0 (45.1%) and R1 (14.7%) was maintained (P = 0.037). By multiple Cox regression analysis R1 resections tended to an adverse outcome (P = 0.067), also when adjusting for preoperative chemotherapy (P = 0.081). R1 resections for colorectal liver metastases predict adverse outcome. RMs below 5 mm increased the risk for LR and shortened the time to recurrence. Preoperative chemotherapy did not alter an adverse outcome in R1 vs. R0 patients.World Journal of Surgical Oncology 04/2014; 12(1):127. DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-12-127 · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health concern in the United States (US) with over 140,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012. The most common site for CRC metastases is the liver. Hepatic resection is the treatment of choice for colorectal liver metastases (CLM), with a 5-year survival rate ranging from 35% to 58%. Unfortunately, only about 20% of patients are eligible for resection. There are a number of options for extending resection to more advanced patients including systemic chemotherapy, portal vein embolization (PVE), two stage hepatectomy, ablation and hepatic artery infusion (HAI). There are few phase III trials comparing these treatment modalities, and choosing the right treatment is patient dependent. Treating hepatic metastases requires a multidisciplinary approach and knowledge of all treatment options as there continues to be advances in management of CLM. If a patient can undergo a treatment modality in order to increase their potential for future resection this should be the primary goal. If the patient is still deemed unresectable then treatments that lengthen disease-free and overall-survival should be pursued. These include chemotherapy, ablation, HAI, chemoembolization, radioembolization (RE) and stereotactic radiotherapy.Journal of gastrointestinal oncology 10/2014; 5(5):374-387. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2014.064