Effect of left ventricular reverse remodeling on long-term prognosis after therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers and β blockers in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
ABSTRACT It remains unknown whether left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling (LVRR) after therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers and β blockers is correlated with prognosis in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Forty-two patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy treated with the therapy were studied. Complete left ventricular reverse remodeling was defined as LV end-diastolic dimension ≤ 55 mm and fractional shortening ≥ 25% at the last echocardiographic assessment. The incidence of complete LVRR was significantly higher in patients who survived than in those who died or underwent heart transplantation. Patients were divided into 3 groups: death or transplantation, alive with complete LVRR, and alive without complete LVRR. Although patients who died or underwent transplantation did not show any LV improvements, those with complete LVRR showed significant improvements at 1 to 6 months after starting the therapy. Patients without complete LVRR also showed small but significant improvements at 1 to 6 months. The decrease in LV end-systolic dimension from the initial value to that at 1 to 6 months was an independent determinant of future cardiac death or transplantation. In conclusion, complete LVRR is related to favorable prognosis in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The extent of left ventricular reverse remodeling at 1 to 6 months after starting the therapy is predictive of long-term prognosis.
Article: Effects of selective heart rate reduction with ivabradine on left ventricular remodelling and function: results from the SHIFT echocardiography substudy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The SHIFT echocardiographic substudy evaluated the effects of ivabradine on left ventricular (LV) remodelling in heart failure (HF). Eligible patients had chronic HF and systolic dysfunction [LV ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%], were in sinus rhythm, and had resting heart rate ≥70 bpm. Patients were randomly allocated to ivabradine or placebo, superimposed on background therapy for HF. Complete echocardiographic data at baseline and 8 months were available for 411 patients (ivabradine 208, placebo 203). Treatment with ivabradine reduced LVESVI (primary substudy endpoint) vs. placebo [-7.0 ± 16.3 vs. -0.9 ± 17.1 mL/m(2); difference (SE), -5.8 (1.6), 95% CI -8.8 to -2.7, P< 0.001]. The reduction in LVESVI was independent of beta-blocker use, HF aetiology, and baseline LVEF. Ivabradine also improved LV end-diastolic volume index (-7.9 ± 18.9 vs. -1.8 ± 19.0 mL/m(2), P= 0.002) and LVEF (+2.4 ± 7.7 vs. -0.1 ± 8.0%, P< 0.001). The incidence of the SHIFT primary composite outcome (cardiovascular mortality or hospitalization for worsening HF) was higher in patients with LVESVI above the median (59 mL/m2) at baseline (HR 1.62, 95% CI 1.03-2.56, P= 0.04). Patients with the largest relative reductions in LVESVI had the lowest event rates. Ivabradine reverses cardiac remodelling in patients with HF and LV systolic dysfunction.European Heart Journal 08/2011; 32(20):2507-15. · 10.48 Impact Factor