Peer-Related Social Competence of Young Children With Down Syndrome

Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (Impact Factor: 2.08). 01/2011; 116(1):48-64. DOI: 10.1352/1944-7558-116.1.48
Source: PubMed


The peer-related social competence of children with Down syndrome was examined in an observational study. Dyadic interactions with peers of children with Down syndrome were compared with the dyadic interactions of matched groups of typically developing children and with playmates differing in both familiarity and social skills. Results suggested that both risk and protective factors influenced the peer interactions of children with Down syndrome. Recommendations are made for applying contemporary models of peer-related social competence to etiologic subgroups to better understand the mechanisms involved and to provide direction for the design of intervention programs.

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    • "Furthermore , 82.1% of Norwegian women with children aged 0–6 years have increasingly become employed part-time or full-time (Statistics Norway 2012), and family structures have diversified. Peer relationships are expected to develop and flourish when children participate in preschool or kindergarten programmes (Guralnick, Connor, and Johnson 2011; Rubin et al. 2005) and social participation of children with disabilities is generally considered as a key issue in inclusive education (Pijl 2007). Mainstream or regular settings are often found to be more supportive of peer interaction for preschool children with developmental delays, than are segregated, specialised settings (Guralnick et al. 1996). "
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