p63 and p73 Isoform Expression in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer and Corresponding Morphological Normal Lung Tissue
ABSTRACT The TP73 and TP63 genes are members of the p53 tumor suppressor family and are expressed in different N-terminal isoforms either with proapoptotic (transactivation domain, TA) and antiapoptotic (N-terminally truncated, ΔN) function. Unlike p53, the role of p73 and p63 in tumor is controversial. It has been recently hypothesized that altered ΔN:TA expression ratio, rather than single isoform overexpression, plays a role in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including lung cancer.
Isoform-specific, real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry analysis on matched cancer and corresponding normal tissues from surgically resected non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) have been performed aiming to explore the expression levels of each p63 and p73 N-terminal isoforms and their ΔN:TA expression ratio.
For both p63 and p73, a N-terminal isoform-specific modulation that alter ΔN:TA isoform balance was identified. In particular, ΔNp63 isoform was significantly up-modulated, whereas TAp63 was slightly down-modulated in NSCLC specimens. Likewise, Δ2p73 and Δ2/3p73 were up-modulated, whereas ΔNp73 and ΔN'p73 isoforms were down-modulated. Moreover, a higher TAp63 and ΔN'p73 transcripts expression, detected in the normal tissue surrounding the tumors, correlates with poor patient outcome, representing independent prognostic factors for overall survival (ΔN'p73: p = 0.049, hazard ratio = 3.091, 95% confidence interval = 1.005-9.524 and TAp63: p = 0.001, hazard ratio = 8.091, 95% confidence interval = 2.254-29.05).
Our findings suggest that p63 and p73 altered ΔN:TA expression ratio occurs in NSCLC likely contributing to the molecular pathogenesis of this tumor.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: p53 mutations, occurring in two-thirds of all human cancers, confer a gain of function phenotype, including the ability to form metastasis, the determining feature in the prognosis of most human cancer. This effect seems mediated at least partially by its ability to physically interact with p63, thus affecting a cell invasion pathway, and accordingly, p63 is deregulated in human cancers. In addition, p63, as an 'epithelial organizer', directly impinges on epidermal mesenchimal transition, stemness, senescence, cell death and cell cycle arrest, all determinant in cancer, and thus p63 affects chemosensitivity and chemoresistance. This demonstrates an important role for p63 in cancer development and its progression, and the aim of this review is to set this new evidence that links p63 to metastasis within the context of the long conserved other functions of p63.Cell death and differentiation 09/2011; 18(9):1487-99. DOI:10.1038/cdd.2011.81 · 8.39 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: TP53, TP63, and TP73 genes comprise the p53 family. Each gene produces protein isoforms through multiple mechanisms including extensive alternative mRNA splicing. Accumulating evidence shows that these isoforms play a critical role in the regulation of many biological processes in normal cells. Their abnormal expression contributes to tumorigenesis and has a profound effect on tumor response to curative therapy. This paper is an overview of isoform diversity in the p53 family and its role in cancer.Journal of nucleic acids 01/2012; 2012(2090-0201):687359. DOI:10.1155/2012/687359
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: p63 is highly expressed in some malignant tumors and is associated with tumorigenesis, invasion and metastasis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical significance of p63 in colorectal cancer (CRC). p63 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry in 66 CRC patients. Correlations between p63 expression and clinicopathological factors, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Among the 66 CRC cases, 31 cases (47%) exhibited a high score of p63 expression, while 35 cases (53%) were marked with a low score. The p63 level correlated with peritumoral deposits (p=0.021). The 5-year OS rates in the low p63 score and high p63 score groups were, respectively, 49% and 74% (p<0.001). The 5-year PFS rates in the low p63 score and high p63 score groups were, respectively, 44% and 71% (p<0.001). Univariate analysis revealed that p63 expression was correlated with OS and PFS. Multivariate analysis suggested that p63 expression was an independent prognostic factor for OS (p=0.035). In conclusion, p63 was negatively correlated with peritumoral deposits and positively associated with OS and PFS in CRC. The data suggest that p63 is a potential prognostic factor for CRC.The International journal of biological markers 09/2012; 27(3):e212-8. DOI:10.5301/JBM.2012.9581 · 1.36 Impact Factor