The Relationship Between Low-Income and Minority Children's Physical Activity and Academic-Related Outcomes: A Review of the Literature

California State University, Northridge, CA, USA.
Health Education &amp Behavior (Impact Factor: 1.54). 02/2011; 38(5):441-51. DOI: 10.1177/1090198110375025
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This article explores an innovative strategy for battling the obesity epidemic. The strategy involves demonstrating to policy makers and education leaders the value of promoting physical activity in school as a way of enhancing academic-related outcomes to narrow the current achievement gap. A literature review was conducted to ascertain the feasibility of this strategy. Seven studies that examined the relationship between physical activity or fitness and academic-related outcomes were reviewed. Although more research is needed in this area, the majority of the articles reviewed found that regardless of socioeconomic status or ethnicity, a positive relationship exists between physical activity and academic-related outcomes. These findings suggest that integrating more physical activity into the school day may be an effective strategy to reduce both health disparities and the achievement gap.

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