Article

A Comparison of Participant Information Elicited by Service User and Non-Service User Researchers

Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom.
Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) (Impact Factor: 2.81). 02/2011; 62(2):210-3. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ps.62.2.210
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The study examined whether data collected by researchers who were service users differed from data collected by non-service user researchers in a study that measured perceived coercion.
Over two years, 548 inpatients in England were interviewed during their first week of compulsory admission to a psychiatric bed at three regional mental health provider settings. Each site had one service user researcher and one nonuser researcher. The dependent variables were two measures of perceived coercion. Service users disclosed their status, including past hospitalization, to 93 of the 242 (38%) patients they interviewed.
No differences were found on either variable between the three researcher categories (nondisclosed user, disclosed user, and nonuser researcher). An interaction with site was noted, and possible interpretations of this finding are discussed.
Further research is needed to determine the conditions under which service user researchers obtain information that differs from that obtained by nonuser researchers.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
166 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Service users may express positive, ambivalent, or negative views of their hospital admission. The objective of this study was to determine whether the background of the interviewer-service user-researcher or clinician-influences the information elicited. The primary outcome was the level of perceived coercion on admission, and secondary outcomes were perceived pressures on admission, procedural justice, perceived necessity for admission, satisfaction with services, and willingness to consent to participate in the study. METHODS: Participants voluntarily and involuntarily admitted to three hospitals in Ireland were randomly allocated to be interviewed at hospital discharge by either a service user-researcher or a clinician. Interviewers used the MacArthur Admission Experience Survey and the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 161 participants were interviewed. No differences by interviewer status or by admission status (involuntary or voluntary) were found in levels of perceived coercion, perceived pressures, procedural justice, perceived necessity, or satisfaction with services. Service users were more likely to decline to participate if their consent was sought by a service user-researcher (24% versus 8%, p=.003). CONCLUSIONS: Most interviewees gave positive accounts of their admission regardless of interviewer status. The findings indicate that clinicians and researchers can be more confident that service users' positive accounts of admissions are not attributable to a response bias. Researchers can also feel more confident in directly comparing the results of studies undertaken by clinicians and by service user-researchers.
    Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) 01/2013; 64(5). DOI:10.1176/appi.ps.001912012 · 2.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Involving service users in research improves its quality and relevance. Many research organizations funding and supporting research now ask researchers about involvement as part of their application process. Some researchers are facing challenges in taking forward involvement as the research infrastructure is not always facilitative. Researchers need greater reward and recognition for carrying out good quality involvement to encourage more effective processes.
    Psychological Medicine 07/2012; 43(6):1-5. DOI:10.1017/S0033291712001663 · 5.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is deemed good practice to involve patients routinely in research but no study has investigated the practical benefits, particularly to successful recruitment. To identify whether patient involvement is associated with study success. All studies listed on the Mental Health Research Network (MHRN) portfolio database (n = 374) were interrogated using logistic regression, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation to identify associations with study characteristics, funding bodies and recruitment success. Patient involvement increased over time although in some areas of research it was limited. Some funders, especially the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), had more associated patient involvement than others. Studies that involved patients to a greater extent were more likely to have achieved recruitment targets (χ(2) = 4.58, P<0.05), defined as reaching at least 90% of the target. This is the first time associations with study success have been identified for patient involvement. Researchers might now consider ways to involve patients more comprehensively as this is associated with study success. Further research is needed to explore this finding.
    The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science 09/2013; 203(5). DOI:10.1192/bjp.bp.112.119818 · 6.62 Impact Factor

Full-text (3 Sources)

Download
86 Downloads
Available from
May 27, 2014