Sodium dodecyl sulfate coated alumina modified with a new Schiff's base as a uranyl ion selective adsorbent.

Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Shiraz University, 71454 Shiraz, Iran.
Journal of hazardous materials (Impact Factor: 4.14). 01/2011; 187(1-3):75-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.12.053
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A simple and selective method was used for the preconcentration and determination of uranium(VI) by solid-phase extraction (SPE). In this method, a column of alumina modified with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and a new Schiff's base ligand was prepared for the preconcentration of trace uranyl(VI) from water samples. The uranium(VI) was completely eluted with HCl 2M and determined by a spectrophotometeric method with Arsenazo(III). The preconcentration steps were studied with regard to experimental parameters such as amount of extractant, type, volume and concentration of eluent, pH, flow rate of sample source and tolerance limit of diverse ions on the recovery of uranyl ion. A preconcentration factor more than 200 was achieved and the average recovery of uranyl(VI) was 99.5%. The relative standard deviation was 1.1% for 10 replicate determinations of uranyl(VI) ion in a solution with a concentration of 5 μg mL(-1). This method was successfully used for the determination of spiked uranium in natural water samples.

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