Sodium dodecyl sulfate coated alumina modified with a new Schiff's base as a uranyl ion selective adsorbent.
ABSTRACT A simple and selective method was used for the preconcentration and determination of uranium(VI) by solid-phase extraction (SPE). In this method, a column of alumina modified with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and a new Schiff's base ligand was prepared for the preconcentration of trace uranyl(VI) from water samples. The uranium(VI) was completely eluted with HCl 2M and determined by a spectrophotometeric method with Arsenazo(III). The preconcentration steps were studied with regard to experimental parameters such as amount of extractant, type, volume and concentration of eluent, pH, flow rate of sample source and tolerance limit of diverse ions on the recovery of uranyl ion. A preconcentration factor more than 200 was achieved and the average recovery of uranyl(VI) was 99.5%. The relative standard deviation was 1.1% for 10 replicate determinations of uranyl(VI) ion in a solution with a concentration of 5 μg mL(-1). This method was successfully used for the determination of spiked uranium in natural water samples.
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ABSTRACT: Adsorption by low-cost adsorbents and biosorbents is recognized as an effective and economic method for low-concentration heavy metal. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of the utilization of N,N′-bis(2, 5-dihydroxybenzylidene)-1, 4-diaminobenzene (DHDB)-immobilized sporopollenin (Schiff base-immobilized sporopollenin, Sp-DHDB) as a sorbent for removal of lead (II) ion from aqueous solution. The effects of different parameters (such as sorbate concentration, sorbent dosage, and pH of the medium) were investigated by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) technique. The experimental data were analyzed by the Freundlich, Langmuir, and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) isotherms. Equilibrium data fitted well with the Freundlich model and the procedure developed was successfully applied for the removal of lead ions in aqueous solutions. This investigation reveals a new, simple, environmentally friendly, and cost-effective method for the removal of lead ions from aqueous solutions by a new Sp-DHDB material.Water Air and Soil Pollution 224(3). · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The electrochemical determination of uranyl was investigated by using carbon paste electrode modified with a Schiff base namely N,N′-bis(salicylidene)-2-hydroxy-phenylmethanediamine (SHPMD/CPE) and also in the presence of carbon nanotube (SHPMD/CNT/CPE). The both modified electrodes displayed an irreversible peak at E pa = 0.798 V versus Ag/AgCl. The electrocatalytic reduction of uranyl has been studied on SHPMD/CNT/CPE, using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry, chronocoulometry and linear sweep techniques. Electrochemical parameters including the diffusion coefficient (D), the electron transfer coefficient (α), the ionic exchange current (i) and the redox reaction rate constant (K) were determined for the reduction of uranyl on the surface of the modified electrodes. Linear range concentration is 0.002–0.6 μmol L−1 and the detection limit of uranyl is 0.206 nmol L−1. The proposed method was used to detect uranyl in natural waters and good recovery was achieved.Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 293(1). · 1.47 Impact Factor