Acute and Chronic Achilles Tendon Ruptures in Athletes

University Foot and Ankle Institute, 1101 Sepulveda Boulevard, Manhattan Beach, CA, USA.
Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery (Impact Factor: 0.56). 01/2011; 28(1):117-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.cpm.2010.10.002
Source: PubMed


The Achilles tendon is the most injured tendon of athletes in the lower extremities and is the most common tendon to rupture spontaneously. Operative repair provides earlier return to sporting activities and lesser rate of rerupture. The general goal is to attempt anastomosis of the acute ruptured ends; however, delayed ruptures may require more extensive procedures. New surgical approaches, including percutaneous and mini-open techniques, are being introduced to potentially diminish perioperative complications. Advent of early protective range of motion and rehabilitation has shown a potential for earlier return to sporting activities for Achilles ruptures.

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    • "With the increase in the population of sports activities, the prevalence of tendon injury is on the rise. The Achilles tendon in particular is one of the most frequently affected area [1]. The Achilles tendon receives excessive strain from repeated strenuous activities such as running, jumping, and landing, which can cause structural changes and biomechanical weakening of the tendon, and eventually can lead to rupture [2]. "
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