Carboxyl terminus of Hsp70-interacting protein (CHIP) contributes to human glioma oncogenesis

Department of Neurosurgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
Cancer Science (Impact Factor: 3.52). 05/2011; 102(5):959-66. DOI: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2011.01888.x
Source: PubMed


Malignant glioma is the most common adult primary brain tumor, and the mechanism of its oncogenesis is poorly understood. Growing evidence has shown that E3 ubiquitin ligases can promote tumorgenesis of glioma. CHIP is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that can induce ubiquitylation and degradation of many tumor-related proteins, and it has been reported to act as an upstream regulator in breast cancer; however, its role in human gliomas has not been evaluated yet. In this study, the expression of CHIP in glioma tissues was studied using immunohistochemistry. CHIP expression in glioma cells was studied by real-time RT-PCR, western blot and double immunofluorescence staining. The role of CHIP in glioma oncogenesis was investigated by lentivirus-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) and overexpression in vitro and in vivo. We showed CHIP expression in glioma samples was related to tumor grades, with stronger staining in high-grade gliomas than in low-grade gliomas. Knocking down of CHIP suppressed proliferation, colony formation of U251 and U87 glioma cells, while overexpression of CHIP resulted in enhanced proliferation and colony formation in vitro. In a nude mouse xenograft model, intratumoral injection of CHIP RNAi lentivirus significantly delayed tumor growth. In contrast, overexpression of CHIP resulted in enhanced tumor growth in vivo. After CHIP RNAi, both survivin mRNA and protein were decreased, while CHIP overexpression induced increased mRNA and protein levels of survivin. This is the first study demonstrating CHIP contributes to oncogenesis of glioma.

9 Reads
  • Source
    • "Nude mouse xenografts were performed as previously reported [16]. Specific pathogen-free six-week-old female BALB/C-nu/nu mice were purchased from the Cancer Research Center of Shanghai and maintained under specific pathogen-free conditions in Second Military Medical University. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Malignant glioma is the most common type of primary brain tumor in adults, characterized by rapid tumor growth and infiltration of tumor cells throughout the brain. Alterations in the activity of the 26S proteasome have been associated with malignant glioma cells, although the specific defects have not been identified. Recently, microRNA-326 (miR-326) was shown to play an important role in glioblastoma and breast cancer, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, the human Nin one binding protein (NOB1) was identified as a direct target of miR-326 and a potential oncogene in human glioma. Similar to NOB1 silencing by shRNA, overexpression of miR-326 in human glioma cell lines (A172 and U373) caused cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase, delayed cell proliferation and enhanced apoptosis. MiR-326 inhibited colony formation in soft agar and decreased growth of a xenograft tumor model, suggesting that miR-326 and NOB1 are required for tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, these processes were shown to involve the MAPK pathway. NOB1 overexpression in human glioma samples was detected by Affymetrix array analysis, and NOB1 mRNA and protein levels were shown to be increased in high-grade glioma compared to low-grade glioma and normal brain tissue. Furthermore, high levels of NOB1 were associated with unfavorable prognosis of glioma patients. Taken together, these results indicate that miR-326 and NOB1 may play an important role in the development of glioma.
    PLoS ONE 07/2013; 8(7):e68469. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0068469 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The tumor suppressor, PTEN is key to the regulation of diverse cellular processes, making it a prime candidate to be tightly regulated. The PTEN level is controlled in a major way by E3 ligase-mediated degradation through the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System (UPS). Nedd 4-1, XIAP, and WWP2 have been shown to maintain PTEN turnover. Here, we report that CHIP, the chaperone-associated E3 ligase, induces ubiquitination and regulates the proteasomal turnover of PTEN. It was apparent from our findings that PTEN transiently associates with the molecular chaperones and thereby gets diverted to the degradation pathway through its interaction with CHIP. The TPR domain of CHIP and parts of the N-terminal domain of PTEN are required for their interaction. Overexpression of CHIP leads to elevated ubiquitination and a shortened half-life of endogenous PTEN. On the other hand, depletion of endogenous CHIP stabilizes PTEN. CHIP is also shown to regulate PTEN-dependent transcription presumably through its down-regulation. PTEN shared an inverse correlation with CHIP in human prostate cancer patient samples, thereby triggering the prospects of a more complex mode of PTEN regulation in cancer.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2012; 287(19):15996-6006. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M111.321083 · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Telomeres help maintain genome integrity by protecting natural chromosome ends from being recognized as damaged DNA. When telomeres become dysfunctional, they limit replicative lifespan and prevent outgrowth of potentially cancerous cells by activating a DNA damage response that forces cells into senescence or apoptosis. On the other hand, chromosome ends devoid of proper telomere protection are subject to DNA repair activities that cause end-to-end fusions and, when cells divide, extensive genomic instability that can promote cancer. While telomeres represent unique chromatin structures with important roles in cancer and aging, we have limited understanding of the way telomeres and the response to their malfunction are controlled at the level of chromatin. Accumulating evidence indicates that different types of posttranslational modifications act in both telomere maintenance and the response to telomere uncapping. Here, we discuss the latest insights on posttranslational control of telomeric chromatin, with emphasis on ubiquitylation and SUMOylation events.
    Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 04/2012; 11(8):1524-34. DOI:10.4161/cc.19847 · 4.57 Impact Factor
Show more


9 Reads