Investigation of the effects of the chronic administration of some antihypertensive drugs on enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidant/antioxidant parameters in rat ovarian tissue.
ABSTRACT In this study, effects of chronic antihypertensive drug (clonidine, methyldopa, amlodipine, ramipril, and rilmenidine) treatment on antioxidant-oxidant parameters were investigated in rat ovarian tissue.
Chronic drug administration for 30 days and at the end, biochemical examinations (total glutathione (tGSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPO), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione s-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde (MDA), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) analyses) were performed.
The levels of glutathione (GSH) and NO, and the activities of GPO, GR, GST, SOD, and CAT were measured the lowest in ramiprile group. Also in ramiprile group, the level of MDA and the activity of MPO was the highest.
We divided the drugs into four groups according to their biochemical side effect potentials in ovarian tissue: (I) Drugs which have no clear negative effect on ovarian tissue: clonidine, rilmenidine; (II) Drugs which have mild negative effect on ovarian tissue: methyldopa; (III) Drugs which have moderate negative effect on ovarian tissue: amlodipine; (IV) Drugs which have severe negative effect on ovarian tissue: ramipril. These data might be useful in the selection of the least toxic antihypertensive drug in pregnant and/or normal females.
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ABSTRACT: The reaction of lipid peroxides in animal tissues with thiobarbituric acid was dependent on pH of the reaction mixture as was the case for linoleic acid hydroperoxide. The optimum pH was found to be 3.5. Taking this fact into consideration, a standard procedure for the assay of lipid peroxide level in animal tissues by their reaction with thiobarbituric acid was developed as follows. Ten percent ( tissue homogenate was mixed with sodium dodecyl sulfate, acetate buffer (pH 3.5), and aqueous solution of thiobarbituric acid. After heating at 95°C for 60 min, the red pigment produced was extracted with n-butanol-pyridine mixture and estimated by the absorbance at 532nm. As an external standard, tetramethoxy-propane was used, and lipid peroxide level was expressed in terms of nmol malondialdehyde. Using this method, the liped peroxide level in the liver of rats suffering from carbon tetrachloride intoxication was investigated. The results were in good agreement with previously reported data obtained by measuring diene content.Analytical Biochemistry 07/1979; 95(2):351-8. · 2.58 Impact Factor
- Laboratory Investigation 01/1986; 53(6):599-623. · 3.96 Impact Factor
- Analytical Biochemistry 11/1968; 25(1):192-205. · 2.58 Impact Factor