A case of splenic low-grade mucinous cystadenocarcinoma resulting in pseudomyxoma peritonei.
Department of Surgical Pathology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata Hospital, 2-3-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1191, Japan.Medical Molecular Morphology (Impact Factor: 1.46). 12/2010; 43(4):235-40. DOI: 10.1007/s00795-010-0507-2
Primary splenic mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (MCCa) is extremely rare, and only six cases appear to have been reported previously. We present herein a case of primary splenic MCCa resulting in pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). A 66-year-old Japanese woman presented to a hospital with a chief complaint of upper abdominal pain and a 7-year history of splenic cyst. Cyst rupture was noted on computed tomography, and splenectomy was performed. The abdominal cavity was filled with a large amount of gelatinous ascites, with the appearance of PMP. On the cut surface, multiple cysts containing mucinous material were found within and outside the spleen. Microscopically, splenic parenchyma was occupied by large mucinous pools focally lined with mucinous epithelial cells and mesothelial cell-like cells, which were considered benign. Outside the spleen, a low-grade MCCa component was found. No ectopic pancreatic or intestinal tissue was identified. Although most PMP cases are known to be caused by low-grade mucinous appendiceal tumor, the present case represents the first report of a splenic MCCa resulting in PMP.
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ABSTRACT: Immunocytochemistry is often employed for the distinction between mesothelial cells and adenocarcinoma. Mesothelin has recently been reported to be expressed in reactive mesothelial cells and epithelioid mesotheliomas. The objective of this study is to determine the utility of mesothelin as marker for mesothelial cells in cytologic preparations. Thirty cell blocks were retrieved from the archives and immunostained with monoclonal antibody directed against mesothelin and calretinin. Heat-induced epitope retrieval technique was employed, and the immunostaining was accomplished using an automated stainer. These tissue blocks were from 35 patients (17 females and 18 males) with a median age of 64 years. Nine were benign effusions, 11 mesotheliomas, and 18 metastatic adenocarcinomas. The presence of any immunoreactivity, irrespective of level of intensity or percentage of cells, was considered positive for mesothelin expression. Follow up included correlation with pathology materials obtained at surgery and review of medical records. Mesothelin staining was positive in 7/9 benign cases, 8/11 mesotheliomas, and 8/18 adenocarcinomas. The difference of mesothelin expression between mesothelial cells and adenocarcinoma was statistically significant. For calretinin, all cases, except 2 malignant mesotheliomas and 3 adenocarcinomas, showed positive staining with calretinin. As a marker for mesothelial cells, the sensitivity and specificity of mesothelin were 73% and 55%, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity of calretinin were 95% and 86%, respectively. Therefore, mesothelin is not a sensitive or a specific marker for mesothelial cells in cytologic specimens when compared with calretinin.Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology 03/2006; 23(1):20-4. DOI:10.1053/j.semdp.2006.06.006 · 2.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A 69-year-old man with an enlarged spleen, found by computed tomography scan to be multicystic, underwent a splenectomy. Pathological examination revealed a Low-grade mucinous cystadenocarcinoma that was histologically analogous to a mucinous tumor of the ovary. The serum level of tumor markers carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)and CA19-9 were elevated preoperatively and returned to normal after the operation. In the absence of a primary tumor elsewhere, we considered this tumor to be primary in the spleen, and it was presumed that the tumor arose either from invaginated capsular mesothelium of the spleen or from heterotopic pancreatic or enteric tissue within the spleen.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 10/1992; 16(9):903-8. DOI:10.1097/00000478-199209000-00009 · 5.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatobiliary and ampulla of Vater adenocarcinomas frequently metastasize to regional lymph nodes, liver, or lung and are difficult to diagnose because they lack specific immunohistochemical markers. We studied the expression of cytokeratin 7 (CK7), cytokeratin 17 (CK17), cytokeratin 20 (CK20), CDX2, mucin 1 (MUC1), mucin 2 (MUC2), and mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) in 46 cases of pancreatic ductal carcinoma, 18 ampulla of Vater adenocarcinomas, and 24 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas. The expression of MUC1 and CK17 was restricted to pancreatic ductal carcinoma (41 of 46, 89%; 38 of 46, 83%, respectively), the ampullary carcinoma of pancreatobiliary origin (6 of 6, 100%; 5 of 6, 83%, respectively), and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (20 of 24, 83%; 17 of 24, 71%, respectively). More than 50% of cases of pancreatobiliary adenocarcinomas showed diffuse cytoplasmic CK17 positivity. In contrast, less than 5% cases (8 of 184) of extra-pancreatobiliary nonmucinous adenocarcinomas expressed CK17, and only 3 of them showed diffuse CK17 positivity. The expression of MUC2 and CDX2 was restricted to the intestinal, mucinous, and signet-ring cell-type adenocarcinomas of duodenal papillary origin (9 of 11, 82%; 11 of 11, 100%, respectively). MUC2 was rarely expressed in pancreatic ductal carcinoma (1 of 46, 2%) and was negative in the ampullary carcinoma of pancreatobiliary origin and in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. A heterogeneous CDX2 staining pattern was seen in 1 of 6 cases of the ampullary carcinoma of pancreatobiliary origin (17%), 5 of 24 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (21%), and 10 of 46 (22%) pancreatic ductal carcinomas. In contrast, all 11 cases of the intestinal, mucinous, and signet-ring cell-type adenocarcinomas of duodenal papillary origin showed homogeneous CDX2 nuclear positivity. We concluded that CK17 is a useful marker in separating pancreatobiliary adenocarcinomas from extra-pancreatobiliary nonmucinous adenocarcinomas, including adenocarcinomas from the colon, breast, gynecologic organs, stomach, lung, prostate, thyroid, kidney, and adrenal gland, and malignant mesothelioma. MUC1+/CK17+ can be used as positive markers for pancreatic ductal carcinomas, the ampullary carcinoma of pancreatobiliary origin, and cholangiocarcinomas with positive predictive values of 76%, 83%, and 58%, respectively. MUC2+/CDX2+ can be used as positive markers for the intestinal-type adenocarcinoma of duodenal papillary origin with a positive predictive value of 82%.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 04/2005; 29(3):359-67. DOI:10.1097/01.pas.0000149708.12335.6a · 5.15 Impact Factor
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