Pathway of care among psychiatric patients attending a mental health institution in central India
ABSTRACT Only a limited proportion of patients with psychiatric disorders attend the healthcare facilities, and that too when the condition becomes severe. Treatment from unqualified medical practitioners and faith healers is a common practice, and is attributable to the delay in proper treatment.
A cross-sectional study was conducted to understand the pathway of care adopted by psychiatric patients and its relationship with the socio-demographic determinants in the study population. The subjects were selected from urban specialty psychiatric hospitals and interviewed using a pre-tested, semi-structured interview schedule. The data was analyzed using SPSS v10.0 software. The Chi square test, T test, and Kruskall Wallis Test were used, as needed.
A total of 295 patients (203 males) were included in this study. The majority of the patients (45%) were suffering from Bipolar affective disorders (45%), followed by schizophrenia (36%). The majority, 203 (68%), were from the rural area, with 94 patients being illiterate. The mean distance traveled for treatment was 249 km. The majority of these (69%) had first contacted faith healers and a qualified psychiatrist was the first contacted person for only 9.2% of the patients.
A large proportion of psychiatric patients do not attend any health facility due to a lack of awareness about treatment services, the distance, and due to the fear of the stigma associated with treatment. The psychiatric patients first seek the help of various sources prior to attending a psychiatric health facility. The pathway adopted by these patients need to be kept in mind at the time of preparation of the mental health program.
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ABSTRACT: Early intervention in specific learning disability (SpLD) results in better outcome and prevents comorbidity. Understanding the pathways is therefore important. To study and compare the pathways to care for children with SpLD and mental retardation (MR) before reaching a tertiary care center. A cross-sectional study was conducted for pathways to care of two groups: SpLD and MR with 50 children in each group from 8 to 16 years. MINI-KID for comorbidity and Goldberg's pathway to care instrument was used. The groups were divided into early contact (up to three carers) and late contact (more than three carers) and compared. Data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 10.0 software. Majority (n = 24 or 48%) of SpLD children visited "others" (teachers, neighbors, relatives, and guardians of fellow classmates) as first carer. Allopathic practitioners were the first choice for MR children (n = 31 or 62%). Six children (12%) in SpLD group and 10 of MR (20%) group have seen either traditional practitioner or healer as first carer. Maximum referral to the tertiary center in both groups was done by others (62% in SpLD and 56% in MR group). Early contacts in SpLD group belonged to younger age group (P = 0.01). While comparing both groups on the basis of early and late contact, mother's education was found to be significant in early contact group (P = 0.036) and having comorbidity was significant among late contacts (P = 0.038). The pathways to care for SpLD children are more or less similar to MR children whose parents recognize MR late. Both the groups visit multiple carers including traditional healers substantiating the strong belief for supernatural causation of developmental disorders in India.Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine 03/2014; 36(1):27-32. DOI:10.4103/0253-7176.127243
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ABSTRACT: Although mental ill health constitutes a huge portion of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), the majority of people with mental health problems do not receive any treatment, a scenario much worse in developing countries where mental health personnel are in gross short supply. The mhGAP was launched to address this gap, especially by training non-mental health professionals to deliver effective services for selected priority mental health problems. Especially in developing countries, many people with mental health problems consult traditional healers either as a first step in the pathway to biomedical mental health care or as the sole mental health service providers. Bridging the gap between mental health needs and available services in developing countries needs to incorporate traditional healers, who are ubiquitously available, easily accessible, and acceptable to the natives. Even though there are barriers in forging collaborations between traditional and biomedical mental health care providers, with mutual respect, understanding, and adapted training using the mhGAP intervention guide, it should be possible to get some traditional healers to understand the core principles of some priority mental health problems identification, treatment, and referral.Frontiers in Public Health 04/2014; 2:33. DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2014.00033
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ABSTRACT: Religious/spiritual (r/s) characteristics of physicians influence their attitude toward integrative medicine and spiritual care. Indonesia physicians collaborate with traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) professionals within modern healthcare system, while Indian physicians are not reported to do so. The aim of the study was to understand the r/s characteristics and their influence on Indian and Indonesian physicians' acceptance of TCAM/spirituality in modern healthcare system. An exploratory, pilot, cross-cultural, cross-sectional study, using Religion and Spirituality in Medicine, and Physician Perspectives (RSMPP) survey questionnaire, compared r/s characteristics and perspectives on integrative medicine of 169 physicians from two allopathic, Sweekar-Osmania University (Sweekar-OU), India, University of Airlanga (UNAIR), Indonesia, and a TCAM/Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM) institute from India. More physicians from UNAIR and CRIUM (89.1 %) described themselves as "very"/"moderately" religious, compared to 63.5 % Sweekar-OU (p = 0.0000). Greater number of (84.6 %) UNAIR physicians described themselves as "very" spiritual and also significantly high (p < 0.05) in intrinsic religiosity as compared to Sweekar-OU and TCAM physicians; 38.6 % of UNAIR and 32.6 % of CRIUM participants reported life-changing spiritual experiences in clinical settings as against 19.7 % of Sweekar-OU; 92.3 % of UNAIR, compared to CRIUM (78.3 %) and Sweekar-OU (62 %), felt comfortable attending to patients' spiritual needs, (p = 0.0001). Clinical comfort and not r/s characteristics of participants was the significant (p = 0.05) variable in full regression models, predictive of primary outcome criteria; "TCAM or r/s healing as complementary to allopathic treatment." In conclusion, mainstreaming TCAM into healthcare system may be an initial step toward both integrative medicine and also improving r/s care interventions by allopathic physicians.Journal of Religion and Health 06/2014; 54(2). DOI:10.1007/s10943-014-9906-3 · 1.02 Impact Factor