Brain activity associated with recognition of appropriate action selection based on allocentric perspectives.
ABSTRACT We investigated brain activity associated with recognition of appropriate action selection based on allocentric perspectives using functional magnetic resonance imaging. The participants observed video clips in which one person (responder) passed one of three objects after a request by a second person (requester). The requester was unable to see one of the three objects because it was occluded by another object. Participants were asked to judge the appropriateness of the responder's action selection based on the visual information from the requester's perspective (i.e., allocentric perspective), not the responder's perspective (i.e., egocentric perspective). The experimental factors included the congruency of request interpretation and the appropriateness of action selection. The results showed that brain regions including the right temporo-parieto-occipital (TPO) junction and the left inferior parietal lobule (IPL) were more activated when the interpretation of the requested object differed between the egocentric and allocentric perspectives than when it was the same (the effect of incongruency for consistency). On the other hand, greater activation was found in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) when the incongruency effect was compared only between the conditions of appropriate action selection (the interaction effect). These results suggest that both the TPO junction and IPL are involved in obtaining visual information from the allocentric perspective when visual information based on only the egocentric perspective is insufficient to interpret another person's request. The right DLPFC is likely related to this process to override the interference of action selection based on the egocentric perspective.