Aromaticity in Group 14 homologues of the cyclopropenylium cation.
ABSTRACT The nature of the bonding and the aromaticity of the heavy Group 14 homologues of cyclopropenylium cations E3H3+ and E2H2E'H+ (E, E' = C-Pb) have been investigated systematically at the BP86/TZ2P DFT level by using several methods. Aromatic stabilization energies (ASE) were evaluated from the values obtained from energy decomposition analysis (EDA) of charged acyclic reference molecules. The EDA-ASE results compare well with the extra cyclic resonance energy (ECRE) values given by the block localized wavefunction (BLW) method. Although all compounds investigated are Hückel 4n+2 π electron species, their ASEs indicate that the inclusion of Group 14 elements heavier than carbon reduces the aromaticity; the parent C3H3+ ion and Si2H2CH+ are the most aromatic, and Pb3H3+ is the least so. The higher energies for the cyclopropenium analogues reported in 1995 employed an isodesmic scheme, and are reinterpreted by using the BLW method. The decrease in the strength of both the π cyclic conjugation and the aromaticity in the order C ≫ Si>Ge>Sn>Pb agrees reasonably well with the trends given by the refined nucleus-independent chemical shift NICS(0)πzz index.
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ABSTRACT: The reaction of tetrakis(tri-tert-butylsilyl)cyclotrigermene with trityl tetraphenylborate in benzene produces tris(tri-tert-butylsilyl)cyclotrigermenium tetraphenylborate [(tert-Bu3SiGe)3+BPh4-], which can be isolated as a yellow solid that is stable in the absence of air. The crystal structure of the cyclotrigermenium ion reveals a free germyl cation with a 2pi-electron system. The three germanium atoms form an equilateral triangle similar to the carbon analog, the cyclopropenium ion.Science 02/1997; 275(5296):60-1. · 31.20 Impact Factor