Add-on adefovir is superior to a switch to entecavir as rescue therapy for Lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B.

Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Healthcare Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences (Impact Factor: 2.26). 01/2011; 56(7):2130-6. DOI: 10.1007/s10620-010-1561-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Lamivudine (LAM) has been extensively used to treat hepatitis B, but high incidence of drug resistance has required rescue studies. We validated the optimum treatment strategy for LAM-resistant patients by means of a comparative study of add-on adefovir (ADV) and a switch to entecavir (ETV).
We assessed the virologic response in consecutive LAM-resistant patients who received add-on ADV or a switch to ETV.
The mean reduction of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels was significantly less in the ETV group than in the add-on ADV group (-3.45 vs. -4.17; P = 0.047 at week 24 and -3.81 vs. -4.68 log(10) IU/mL; P = 0.044 at week 48). Achievement of undetectable HBV DNA was significantly lower in the ETV group than in the add-on ADV group (P = 0.043). Multivariate analysis showed that add-on ADV, baseline HBV DNA levels, and initial virologic response were significant predictors of HBV DNA negativity (adjusted OR, 2.582; P = 0.008, 0.304; P = 0.001, and 5.928; P = 0.001). Virologic breakthrough was observed for 12 patients, in the ETV group only.
Add-on ADV was more effective and durable than ETV as rescue therapy. Therefore, add-on ADV might be the preferred strategy for LAM-resistant patients who need long-term antiviral treatment.

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    ABSTRACT: Lamivudine (LAM) plus adefovir (ADV) combination therapy has been accepted as one of the best treatments for LAM-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of this combination therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. The medical records of CHB patients who developed LAM resistance and were treated with LAM plus ADV combination therapy for more than 6 months were reviewed. Their virological response (VR; undetectable HBV DNA) and biochemical response (BR; alanine aminotransferase normalization) were evaluated, and the findings of HCC and non-HCC patients were compared. The data from 104 patients (19 with HCC and 85 without HCC) were analyzed. The VR rates did not differ significantly between the HCC and non-HCC groups: 33.3% vs. 55.6% at 12 months (P=0.119), 58.3% vs. 67.2% at 24 months (P=0.742), 50% vs. 69.8% at 36 months (P=0.280), and 66.7% vs. 71.0% at 48 months (P=1.000). The BR rates also did not differ significantly between the groups: 55.6% vs. 84.0% at 12 months (P=0.021), 58.3% vs. 83.8% at 24 months (P=0.057), 70.0% vs. 77.8% at 36 months (P=0.687), and 66.7% vs. 80.6% at 48 months (P=0.591). The efficacy of LAM plus ADV combination therapy is comparable in HCC and non-HCC patients.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 09/2013; 19(3):273-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and study aims The development of antiviral-resistant mutations with long-term treatment remains a major concern in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of entecavir 1 mg versus combined lamivudine/adefovir dipivoxil (Lam/Adv) in chronic HBV patients resistant to lamivudine monotherapy. Patients and methods This study included two groups of lamivudine-resistant patients who received lamivudine 100 mg for 1–3 years. Group 1 was composed of 25 cases (52% HBeAg+ve) who received combined Lam/Adv, and group 2 was composed of 13 patients (30.8% HBeAg+ve) who received entecavir 1 mg. Pre-enrolment assessment included biochemical, serological and quantitative HBV-DNA testing as well as HBeAg and hepatitis B envelope antibody (HBeAb) assessment. Evaluation was done at 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months of treatment by the same parameters. Hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody (HbsAg and HBsAb) were assessed after each year of treatment. Results At the end of 36 months of treatment, 16 cases (69%) in group 1 completed the study period, versus 13 (100%) in group 2. Two cases in group 1 underwent HBeAg seroconversion, accompanied by HBV-DNA undetectability, at 6 and 12 months, respectively; no cases were seroconverted in group 2. Both treatments achieved improvement in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), bilirubin and alpha-foetoprotein equally at the end of the study. HBV-DNA undetectability was better achieved in group 2 when compared to group 1. HBeAg seroconversion was only achieved in two cases in group 1, whereas no cases lost HBeAg in group 2. None of our cases achieved HbsAg seroconversion or loss at the end of the study period. Conclusion The entecavir 1-mg monotherapy group achieved better HBV-DNA undetectability starting at 3 months of treatment when compared to the Lam/Adv group; however, both lines of treatment showed almost similar results over the rest of the study period. HBeAg seroconversion was only achieved in two cases in the combined Lam/Adv group, whereas no cases lost HBeAg in the other group.
    Arab Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus infection remains 1 of the major health threats worldwide. Currently, lamivudine plus adefovir combination therapy or entecavir monotherapy is usually used for the treatment of patients with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, there are few systematic comparisons between the efficacy of lamivudine plus adefovir and the efficacy of entecavir in the treatment of these patients. The goal of this systematic study and meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of lamivudine plus adefovir compared with entecavir for the treatment of patients with lamivudine-resistant CHB. A comprehensive literature search of PUBMED, Web of Science, WANFANG database, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, were screened to obtain citations from January 1990 to January 2012 in this study. Data analysis was done by using the Review Manager Software 5.1. Eight studies were suitable for analysis. A total of 696 patients with lamivudine-resistant CHB were studied and grouped according to treatment: 341 patients in the entecavir group and 355 patients in the lamivudine plus adefovir group. The results found that the rates of undetectable hepatitis B virus DNA levels, alanine aminotransferase normalization, hepatitis B e antigen loss, and hepatitis B e antigen seroconversion were not significantly different between the lamivudine plus adefovir group and the entecavir group. Moreover, the rate of adverse reactions was also not significantly different between the 2 groups. However, virologic breakthrough for the patients with lamivudine resistance was higher in the entecavir group than in the lamivudine plus adefovir group. For these CHB patients with lamivudine resistance, lamivudine plus adefovir was a better treatment option than entecavir alone.
    Clinical Therapeutics 11/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor


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May 31, 2014