Drug-eluting introducer sheath prevents local peripheral complications: pre-clinical evaluation of nitric oxide-coated sheath.

Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions (Impact Factor: 1.07). 01/2011; 4(1):98-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcin.2010.09.018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study evaluated the protective effect of nitric oxide-coating of introducer sheath on the local complications in juvenile porcine femoral arteries with similar size to human radial arteries.
Insertion of an introducer sheath induces vasospasm and transient or permanent vessel occlusion of radial arteries.
Nitric oxide-coated or control introducer sheaths with or without spasmolytic cocktail (control + C-sheath) were inserted into porcine femoral arteries, followed by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The diameter of the femoral artery at the puncture site, distally and proximally, was measured by quantitative angiography. Histopathological and histomorphometric parameters of the femoral arteries were analyzed 1 h or 1 week after PCI.
Insertion of femoral sheath led to mild or severe spasms, with significantly higher vessel diameter at the access site (2.69 ± 0.81 mm vs. 1.77 ± 0.77 mm and 1.85 ± 0.66 mm, p < 0.001), and proximal and distal to it, during PCI in the nitric oxide-sheath group versus the control-sheath and control + C-sheath groups, respectively. Immediately following PCI, significantly less luminal thrombosis (12% vs. 33% and 31% of all analyzed segments, p < 0.001) was observed in the nitric oxide-sheath arteries. At 1 week, lower intimal inflammation score (0.43 ± 11 vs. 1.03 ± 0.35 and 1.04 ± 0.32, p < 0.05), less luminal thrombosis (8% vs. 21% and 30% p < 0.05), and smaller intimal hyperplasia (0.31 ± 0.31 mm(2) vs. 0.47 ± 1.00 mm(2) and 0.86 ± 0.82 mm(2), p < 0.05) were observed in NO-sheath arteries at the injury site.
Nitric oxide coating on the introducer sheath prevents local complications during PCI and results in less vascular thrombosis and inflammation at the access site, contributing to patency of the access vessel with similar size to the radial artery.

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