Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy of kidney disease in HIV-infected patients.

University of Louisville, Division of Nephrology, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy (Impact Factor: 3.09). 04/2011; 12(5):691-704. DOI: 10.1517/14656566.2011.535518
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with the development of a wide spectrum of kidney diseases. HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in HIV-infected individuals and predominantly affects patients of African ancestry. HIVAN is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among African-Americans. AREAS COVERED: An overview of the spectrum of kidney disease in patients with HIV is given. Current pharmacologic interventions to treat kidney disease in HIV are discussed. This review will enhance knowledge regarding the most common causes of kidney disease in HIV-infected patients. An understanding of the principles related to pharmacotherapy in HIV-infected patients with kidney disease will also be gained. EXPERT OPINION: Kidney disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. The most common cause of chronic kidney disease in this population is HIV-associated nephropathy, which is caused by viral infection of the renal epithelium. Several medications that are commonly used in HIV-infected patients can have adverse effects on the kidneys and the doses of many antiretroviral medications need to be adjusted in patients with impaired renal function.

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