Development of chiral liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry isotope dilution methods for the determination of unconjugated and total S-equol in human plasma and urine.
ABSTRACT Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods for the determination of unconjugated and total (conjugated plus unconjugated) S-equol in human plasma and urine were developed and validated. The separation of R and S enantiomers was achieved with a Chiracel OJ-H column operated in a normal phase mode using ethanol/hexane mobile phase components. Ionization of S-equol by negative ion electrospray generated the [M-H](-) ion whose response was augmented by post-column addition of ammonium hydroxide. A triple stage quadrupole mass spectrometer was used to measure the ion current generated from the dissociative transitions m/z 241→m/z 121 (S-equol) and m/z 245→m/z 123 (equol-d(4)). The determination of total S-equol included an additional deconjugation step involving incubation of the sample with sulfatase and glucuronidase. Average recovery for both unconjugated and total S-equol was 85% with no observable matrix effects. Linearity was established for unconjugated S-equol from 0.025ng/mL to 10ng/mL (plasma) and 0.20ng/mL to 200ng/mL (urine). The average coefficient of variation and accuracy per occasion was within ±15% of the theoretical concentration of S-equol. The method was used to measure the pharmacokinetics of S-equol in human plasma after an oral administration of a single 20mg dose of S-equol to three normal healthy volunteers.
- SourceAvailable from: Philip B Grace[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Phytoestrogens (isoflavones and lignans) are receiving increasing attention due to a potential protective effect against a number of complex diseases. However, in order to investigate these associations, it is necessary to accurately quantify the levels of phytoestrogens in foods and biological fluids. We report an assay for three isoflavones (daidzein, genistein, and glycitein), two metabolites of daidzein (O-desmethylangolensin and equol), and two lignans (enterodiol and enterolactone) in human serum using electrospray ionisation liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) with selective reaction monitoring. A simple, highly automated sample preparation procedure requires only 200 microL of sample and utilises one solid-phase extraction stage. Limits of detection are in the region of 10 pg/mL for all analytes except equol, which had a limit of detection of approximately 100 pg/mL. The method developed is suitable for measuring the concentrations of phytoestrogens in blood samples collected from large epidemiological studies. The results of the analysis of serum samples from 300 men and women living in the UK are reported.Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 02/2003; 17(12):1350-7. · 2.51 Impact Factor