[Study on extraction of shikimic acid from pine needles of Pinus elliottii by decompressing inner ebullition].
ABSTRACT We studied the extracting process of shikimic acid from pine needles of Pinus elliottii Engelm, using pine needles of Pinus elliottii Engelm as raw materials, a high concentration of alcohol as the desorption and a low concentration of alcohol as the hot-extraction, and the decompressing inner ebullition method. Through the single factor test and orthogonal test, the best processing of the decompressing inner ebullition was as follows: when the concentration of alcohol was 70 percent with 18 minutes' desorption, the temperature of hot-extraction was 65 degrees C with 4 minutes' hot-extraction, solid-liquid ratio was 1:1.6 with 260 mL of hot-extraction, with a concentration of 30%. The extracting effect was the best when extracted twice. The extracting proportion of shikimic acid from dry pine needles of Pinus elliottii was 1.51%.
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ABSTRACT: Shikimic acid, a natural compound is a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of amino acids. Consequently, this derivative is widely present in many plants and has interesting biological properties. But besides the pharmacological relevance of shikimic acid itself, it is also an intermediate in the synthesis of many drugs, being the most relevant the antiviral agent oseltamivir (tamiflu). Here we present a short overview on recent natural, biotechnological and synthetical sources of shikimic acid, togheter with pharmacological applications of this compound and a selections of derivatives, including Oseltamivir (Tamiflu™).Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry 06/2012; 12:1443. · 2.53 Impact Factor