Article

The H3K27me3 demethylase, KDM6B, is induced by Epstein-Barr virus and over-expressed in Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

School of Cancer Sciences, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK.
Oncogene (Impact Factor: 8.56). 01/2011; 30(17):2037-43. DOI: 10.1038/onc.2010.579
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT There is now evidence for both increased and decreased activity of the enzymes controlling the methylation of lysine 27 on histone 3 (H3K27) in cancer. One of these enzymes, KDM6B formally known as JMJD3, a histone demethylase, which removes the trimethyl mark from H3K27, is required for the lineage commitment and terminal differentiation of neural stem cells and of keratinocytes. Our results suggest that KDM6B may also have a role in antigen-driven B-cell differentiation. KDM6B expression increases in B-cell subsets with increasing stage of differentiation, and gene expression profiling shows that KDM6B transcriptional targets in germinal centre B (GC B) cells are significantly enriched for those differentially expressed during memory and plasma cell differentiation. Our results also suggest that aberrant expression of KDM6B may contribute to the pathogenesis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL), an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated malignancy. KDM6B is over-expressed in primary HL and induced by the EBV oncogene, latent membrane protein (LMP1) in GC B cells, the presumptive progenitors of HL. Consistent with these observations, we found that KDM6B transcriptional targets in GC B cells are enriched for genes differentially expressed in HL, and that KDM6B depletion can restore the tri-methylation of H3K27 on these genes.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
141 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The oral cavity is a persistent reservoir for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) with lifelong infection of resident epithelial and B cells. Infection of these cell types results in distinct EBV gene expression patterns regulated by epigenetic modifications involving DNA methylation and chromatin structure. Regulation of EBV gene expression relies on viral manipulation of the host epigenetic machinery that may result in long-lasting host epigenetic reprogramming. To identify epigenetic events following EBV infection, a transient infection model was established to map epigenetic changes in telomerase-immortalized oral keratinocytes. EBV-infected oral keratinocytes exhibited a predominantly latent viral gene expression program with some lytic or abortive replication. Calcium and methylcellulose-induced differentiation was delayed in EBV-positive and in clones that lost EBV compared to uninfected controls, indicating a functional consequence of EBV epigenetic modifications. Analysis of global cellular DNA methylation identified over 13,000 differentially methylated CpG residues in cells exposed to EBV compared to uninfected controls, with CpG island hypermethylation observed at several cellular genes. Although the vast majority of the DNA methylation changes were silent, 65 cellular genes that acquired CpG methylation showed altered transcript levels. Genes with increased transcript levels frequently acquired DNA methylation within the gene body while those with decreased transcript levels acquired DNA methylation near the transcription start site. Treatment with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, decitabine, restored expression of some hypermethylated genes in EBV-infected and EBV-negative transiently-infected clones. Overall, these observations suggested that EBV infection of keratinocytes leaves a lasting epigenetic imprint that can enhance the tumorigenic phenotype of infected cells.
    Journal of Virology 07/2014; · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An important step in the malignant progression of HPV-associated lesions is the dysregulation of expression of the viral E6 and E7 oncogenes. This is often achieved through the loss of expression of E2, which represses the HPV LCR promoter and E6/E7 expression. Our previous studies confirmed a role for Brd4 in mediating the E2 transcriptional repression function, and identified JARID1C/SMCX and EP400 as contributors to E2-mediated repression. Here we show that TIP60, a component of the TIP60/TRRAP histone acetyltransferase complex, also contributes to the E2 repression function, and we extend our studies on SMCX. Di- and tri-methyl marks on histone H3K4 are reduced in the presence of E2 and SMCX, suggesting a mechanism by which SMCX contributes to E2-mediated repression of the HPV LCR. Together, these findings lead us to hypothesize that E2 recruits histone-modifying cellular proteins to the HPV LCR, resulting in transcriptional repression of E6 and E7.
    Virology 09/2014; 468-470C:311-321. · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Earlier studies indicate that epigenetics contribute to the pathogenesis of penile squamous cell carcinoma. Histone methylation patterns are frequently altered during carcinogenesis. Therefore, we investigated the methylation pattern of the histones H3K4, H3K9 and H3K27 in penile carcinoma and normal tissue.
    The Journal of urology 03/2013; 189(3-3):1117-1122. · 3.75 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
22 Downloads
Available from
Jun 1, 2014