Ovarian reserve and oocyte maturity in women with malignancy undergoing in vitro maturation treatment.
ABSTRACT To evaluate ovarian reserve and oocyte maturity in women with malignancy.
A case-control study.
University teaching hospital.
We evaluated all women with malignancy who underwent in vitro maturation treatment for fertility preservation from the year 2003 to 2009. The results were compared with those of an age-matched infertile control group.
In vitro maturation treatment.
Ovarian reserve and oocyte maturity.
Women with malignancy of the breast (n = 87), hematologic malignancy (n = 16), gynecologic or abdominal malignancy (n = 9), and other malignancies (n = 16) were compared with infertile control women (n = 79). The age was similar in all groups except in women with hematologic malignancy where they were younger than the control group (24.9 ± 1.1 years vs. 30.8 ± 0.4 years, confidence interval 4.0-9.5). Baseline FSH in this group was also lower than in the control group. Women with breast cancer had a lower number of retrieved oocytes than the control group (95% confidence interval 0-5). There were no significant differences in antral follicle count, percentage of mature oocytes on collection day, and percentage of metaphase II oocytes matured in vitro among all groups of women.
Women with breast cancer have fewer numbers of retrieved oocytes than infertile controls. Ovarian reserve and oocyte maturity in other types of malignancy are similar to those in the control group.
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ABSTRACT: A case series of eight cycles of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) in five women diagnosed with malignant disorders is presented. These patients chose to defer definitive treatment for a chance for preservation of potential fertility. The response of these patients to ovarian stimulation, and the outcome, was compared with 17 IVF cycles in 12 age-matched patients with isolated tubal infertility. An apparent adverse influence of malignant disease on the quality and behaviour of oocytes was observed. Despite a comparable total number of oocytes per cycle in the two groups, a significantly reduced percentage of mature oocytes was retrieved per cycle from patients with malignant diseases. The oocytes from patients with malignant disorders were of a poorer quality and exhibited a significantly impaired fertilization rate compared to the controls. We propose that neoplastic processes, irrespective of the site or cell of origin, may have a detrimental impact on the biology of oocytes, an effect akin to that seen on spermatozoa in men with certain malignancies.Human Reproduction 08/1998; 13(7):1837-40. · 4.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study examined whether the rates of oocyte maturation, fertilization and development, as well as pregnancy rate could be improved by human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) priming 36 h before immature oocyte retrieval in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Immature oocyte retrieval was performed on day 10-14 of the cycles and patients were randomly allocated either to be primed with 10 000 IU of HCG before the retrieval, or not primed. Immature oocytes were cultured for 24-48 h in TC-199 medium with 20% (v/v) inactivated fetal bovine serum (FBS) supplemented with 75 mIU/ml follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was performed in all mature oocytes and the resulting embryos were transferred on day 2 or 3 after ICSI. A total of 17 patients underwent 24 completed treatment cycles. Thirteen cycles were primed with HCG and 11 other cycles were not primed. The mean number of oocytes retrieved was comparable in the two groups (7.8 +/- 3.9 versus 7.4 +/- 5.2). The percentage of oocytes achieving maturation at 48 h was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the HCG-primed group (84.3%, 86/102) than in the non-HCG-primed group (69.1%, 56/81). Oocyte maturation was hastened in the HCG-primed group. Following 24 h of culture, 78.2 +/- 7.1% of oocytes were matured in the HCG-primed group compared with 4.9 +/- 2.5% of oocytes in the non-HCG-primed group (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in the rates of oocyte fertilization and cleavage in these two groups. There were five clinical pregnancies (38.5%) in the HCG-primed group, and three pregnancies (27.3%) in the non-HCG-primed group.Human Reproduction 01/2000; 15(1):165-70. · 4.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Infertility after treatment of patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) is considered as a side effect of alkylating agent containing chemotherapy regimens. To investigate whether gonadal failure is related primarily to the toxic effect of chemotherapy or rather to the disease itself, we investigated the fertility status before the onset of treatment. Semen quality and hormonal status were evaluated in 158 patients with first diagnosis of HD enrolled into trials of the German Hodgkin Lymphoma Study Group (GHSG). The median age of the patients was 28 years (range 16-52). Twenty patients (13%) were classified as early stage HD, 63 patients (40%) as intermediate stage, and 75 patients (47%)) as advanced stage according GHSG grading. Sixty-seven patients (42%) showed systemic symptoms. Semen analysis was performed according to WHO guidelines. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH) plasma levels were measured by specific double-antibody radio-immune-assay (RIA) methods. Prior to treatment, severe damage of fertility, i.e.. azoospermia and oligoasthenoteratospermia (OAT-syndrome) was found in 13 (8%) and 20 patients (13%), respectively. Thirty-eight patients (24%) had single, i.e., oligo-(O), astheno-(A) or teratospermia-(T), and 40 patients (26%) showed combined damages, i.e., OA, OT or AT. In 47 patients (30%) a normal sperm count was found. Thus, III patients (70%) showed semen abnormalities before the onset of treatment. In a multivariate analysis elevated ESR (P < 0.003) and advanced stage of disease (P < 0.01) could be distinguished as prognostic factors for severe damage of fertility. No correlation was found between pre-therapeutic gonadotropine levels and fertility status. Patients with HD have an increased risk for inadequate semen quality even prior to treatment. Infertility is more frequent in patients with elevated ESR and advanced stage of disease. This association demonstrates the predominant influence of the disease on fertility. Assuming HD is the major initial cause for infertility efforts should be made to identify new non-gonadal toxic chemotherapies to be able to regain fertility after effective therapy. Further investigations have to be performed to clarify mechanisms inducing fertility defects in patients with HD.Annals of Oncology 09/2001; 12(9):1307-11. · 7.38 Impact Factor