Activation of formyl peptide receptor-1 enhances restitution of human retinal pigment epithelial cell monolayer under electric fields.
ABSTRACT This study aimed at identifying the expression of functional formyl peptide receptor (FPR)-1 in human retinal pigment epithelium (hRPE) cells and to evaluate the role of FPR in regulation of wound closure of the hRPE monolayer under electric fields (EFs).
The expression of FPR in hRPE cells was analyzed with an immunofluoresence labeling assay and RT-PCR. Cultured wounded hRPE monolayers were exposed to EFs with free serum, 20%, serum, and a classical FPR agonist, N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLF), respectively, for 3 hours. Cell monolayer migrations were traced using an image analyzer. Expressions of cell junction molecules were measured by RT-PCR, and the ultrastructure of cell junctions was observed with transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
The expression of functional FPR was observed and localized along actin filaments in cellular lamellipodia and filopodia. EFs and fMLF significantly increased the migration rates of the wounded RPE monolayer. The migrating distances of monolayers were 24.262 ± 6.82 μm, 40.243 ± 5.069 μm, and 56.926 ± 7.821 μm in cells with free serum, 20% serum, and fMLF under EFs at 3 hours, respectively (P < 0.01). The mRNA expressions of connexin 43(Cx43) and zonula occludens (ZO)-1 were detected in hRPE cells. TEM revealed that cell junctions formed between hRPE cells in the monolayer.
These results showed for the first time that functional FPR expresses in hRPE cells and that activation of FPR enhances migration of the wounded hRPE monolayer. The mRNA expressions and ultrastructures of cell junctions further demonstrated the RPE sheet as a monolayer migrating under EFs.