Article

Impact of administration of vancomycin or linezolid to critically ill patients with impaired renal function.

Department of Intensive Medicine, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valencia, Spain.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.02). 01/2011; 30(5):635-43. DOI: 10.1007/s10096-010-1133-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess the impact of vancomycin (VAN) versus linezolid (LZD) on renal function in patients with renal failure (RF) admitted to intensive care units. This was a multicenter, retrospective, comparative cohort study. Renal failure patients were treated with VAN or LZD for proven or suspected infections by multiresistant Gram-positive cocci. Changes in plasma creatinine levels and creatinine clearance at the start and end of treatment were used as endpoints. A total of 147 patients were treated with VAN (group A, n = 68) or LZD (group B, n = 79). Group B included more patients with diabetes mellitus [9 (13.2%) vs. 25 (31.6%); p = 0.007], septic shock [39 (57.4%) vs. 60 (75.9%); p = 0.013] and greater RF (mean ClCr 42.24 ml/min vs. 37.57 ml/min; p = 0.04). Renal function improved in patients from both groups who did not require renal replacement therapy. A greater improvement was seen in group B [percent decrease in Cr (27.94 vs. 9.48; p = 0.02) and percent increase in ClCr (95.96 vs. 55.06; p = 0.05)]. In group A, nine patients (13.2%) experienced an antibiotic-related increase in RF, and antibiotic was discontinued in five patients due to adverse effects. It is reasonable to avoid use of VAN in critically ill patients with acute renal failure.

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Few data are available on the occurrence of renal failure during continuous infusion of vancomycin in critically ill patients. METHODS: We reviewed the data of all patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) between January 2008 and December 2009 in whom vancomycin was given as a continuous infusion for more than 48 h in the absence of renal replacement therapy. We collected data on the doses of vancomycin and blood concentrations during therapy. Acute kidney injury (AKI) was defined as a daily urine output <0.5 ml/kg/h and/or an increase in the serum creatinine of ≥0.3 mg/dl from baseline levels during vancomycin therapy or within 72 h after its discontinuation. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of AKI. RESULTS: Of 207 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 50 (24 %) developed AKI. These patients were more severely ill, had lower creatinine clearance at admission, were more frequently exposed to other nephrotoxic agents, had a longer duration of therapy, and had higher concentrations of vancomycin during the first 3 days of treatment (C mean). The C mean was independently associated with early AKI (within 48 h from the onset of therapy) and the duration of vancomycin administration with late AKI. CONCLUSIONS: AKI occurred in almost 25 % of critically ill patients treated with a continuous infusion of vancomycin. Vancomycin concentrations and duration of therapy were the strongest variables associated with the development of early and late AKI during therapy, respectively.
    Infection 04/2013; · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    Basic Nephrology and Acute Kidney Injury, 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0139-0

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