Geometric theory of wavefront aberrations in an off-axis spherical mirror.
ABSTRACT We present, analyze, and evaluate expressions for the wavefront aberrations in an off-axis spherical mirror. These formulas are derived from the optical path difference between an ellipsoid and a sphere, assuming a relatively small pupil and a small angle of incidence, as will be described in detail. Some well-known and also some useful new aberration expressions are obtained. They can be used to design and analyze cavities, spectrographs, and retinal adaptive optics imaging systems.