Article

Spatial expression and regulation of rice high-affinity nitrate transporters by nitrogen and carbon status.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China.
Journal of Experimental Botany (Impact Factor: 5.79). 04/2011; 62(7):2319-32. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erq403
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The high affinity nitrate transport system (HATS) plays an important role in rice nitrogen acquisition because, even under flooded anaerobic cultivation when NH(4)(+) dominates, significant nitrification occurs on the root surface. In the rice genome, four NRT2 and two NAR2 genes encoding HATS components have been identified. One gene OsNRT2.3 was mRNA spliced into OsNRT2.3a and OsNRT2.3b and OsNAR2.1 interacts with OsNRT2.1/2.2 and OsNRT2.3a to provide nitrate uptake. Using promoter-GUS reporter plants and semi-quantitative RT-PCR analyses, it was observed that OsNAR2.1 was expressed mainly in the root epidermal cells, differently from the five OsNRT2 genes. OsNAR2.1, OsNRT2.1, OsNRT2.2, and OsNRT2.3a were up-regulated by nitrate and suppressed by NH(4)(+) and high root temperature (37 °C). Expression of all these genes was increased by light or external sugar supply. Root transcripts of OsNRT2.3b and OsNRT2.4 were much less abundant and not affected by temperature. Expression of OsNRT2.3b was insensitive to the form of N supply. Expression of OsNRT2.4 responded to changes in auxin supply unlike all the other NRT2 genes. A region from position -311 to -1, relative to the translation start site in the promoter region of OsNAR2.1, was found to contain the cis-element(s) necessary for the nitrate-, but not light- and sugar-dependent activation. However, it was difficult to define a conserved cis-element in the promoters of the nitrate-regulated OsNRT2/OsNAR2 genes. The results imply distinct physiological functions for each OsNRT2 transporter, and differential regulation pathways by N and C status.

1 Follower
 · 
118 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nitrogen plays an important role in plant growth and development. Nitrate transporters have been extensively studied in Arabidopsis, but in tomato they have not been functionally characterized. In this study, we report the functions of LeNRT2.3 in nitrate transport in tomato. Our results show that LeNRT2.3 is induced by nitrate, and mainly localizes to the plasma membranes of rhizodermal and pericycle cells in roots. Further analysis in Xenopus oocytes showed that LeNRT2.3 mediates low-affinity nitrate transport. 35S:LeNRT2.3 increased nitrate uptake in root and transport from root to shoot. More interestingly, 35S:LeNRT2.3 showed high biomass and fruit weight. Taken together, these results suggest that LeNRT2.3 plays a double role in nitrate uptake and long-distance transport in tomato. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    FEBS letters 03/2015; 589(10). DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2015.03.016 · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: New-type oilseed rape (Brassica napus, ArArCcCc) with introgressed exotic subgenomic components from Brassica rapa (ArAr) and Brassica carinata (BcBcCcCc) showed strong heterosis in both vegetative and reproductive growth. The aim of the current study was to analyse the tolerance of the new-type B. napus with different exotic subgenomic contents to low nitrogen (N) stress. Under hydroponic culture and pot experiments, root system parameters, photosynthetic parameters, relative chlorophyll concentration (SPAD values), biomass, seed yield, seed yield components, N concentration and expressions of genes involved in N transport and assimilation were determined with two new-type B. napus genotypes (N-efficient genotype D4-15 and N-inefficient genotype D1-1) under high-N and low-N levels. Furthermore, N accumulation, N transfer efficiency and N use efficiency (NUE) were analysed in the two genotypes. The hydroponic and potted growth tests showed consistent characteristics in N uptake and utilization efficiency at the seedling stage, and N-efficient genotype (D4-15) showed better growth phenotypes across cultured conditions and N levels. Under the low-N condition, D4-15 produced a larger root system and accumulated more N, and had higher N transfer efficiency and NUE than D1-1. Moreover, D4-15 had significantly higher photosynthetic parameters, photosynthetic NUE and expression levels of the N transporter genes, BnNRT1·1, BnNRT2·5, BnNRT2·7 and BnAMT1·1, in roots or leaves, as well as higher seed yield than that of D1-1 under low-N supply. These results indicated that the N-efficient new-type B. napus D4-15 possessed excellent adaptability to low-N stress, which may be attributed to the highly introgressed exotic subgenomic components from B. rapa and B. carinata, suggesting the possibility of identifying high-nutrient-efficiency germplasm from inter-specific hybrids.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 01/2014; DOI:10.1017/S0021859614000744 · 2.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Four genetically contrasting rice varieties (IAC-47, Bico Ganga, Arroz de Revenda and Manteiga) according to Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis were assessed regarding expression of the genes OsNRT1.1, OsNRT2.1 and OsNRT2.2 and the nitrate uptake kinetics parameters (K m and V max). Up to 250-fold increases in the induction of gene expression after nitrate re-supply were observed for the high-affinity transporter (OsNRT2.1 and OsNRT2.2). However, no significant variations in V max among the varieties were obtained. The lower value of K m of the IAC-47 cultivar in relation to the Arroz de Revenda variety suggests a greater role of high-affinity transporter genes. These results indicate that closer attention should be paid to the expression levels of these genes in selecting varieties aiming to enhance nitrogen uptake efficiency.
    American Journal of Plant Sciences 03/2015; 6(2):306-313. DOI:10.4236/ajps.2015.62035