Real-time near-field acoustic holography for continuously visualizing nonstationary acoustic fields.
ABSTRACT Near-field acoustic holography (NAH) is an effective tool for visualizing acoustic sources from pressure measurements made in the near-field of sources using a microphone array. The method involving the Fourier transform and some processing in the frequency-wavenumber domain is suitable for the study of stationary acoustic sources, providing an image of the spatial acoustic field for one frequency. When the behavior of acoustic sources fluctuates in time, NAH may not be used. Unlike time domain holography or transient method, the method proposed in the paper needs no transformation in the frequency domain or any assumption about local stationary properties. It is based on a time formulation of forward sound prediction or backward sound radiation in the time-wavenumber domain. The propagation is described by an analytic impulse response used to define a digital filter. The implementation of one filter in forward propagation and its inverse to recover the acoustic field on the source plane implies by simulations that real-time NAH is viable. Since a numerical filter is used rather than a Fourier transform of the time-signal, the emission on a point of the source may be rebuilt continuously and used for other post-processing applications.