American indians/alaska natives and substance abuse treatment outcomes: positive signs and continuing challenges.

University of California, Los Angeles, Integrated Substance Abuse Programs (ISAP), Los Angeles, CA 90025-7535, USA.
Journal of Addictive Diseases (Impact Factor: 1.46). 01/2011; 30(1):63-74. DOI: 10.1080/10550887.2010.531665
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Limited information is known with regard to substance abuse treatment outcomes among AI/ANs. Data retrieved from the Treatment System Impact (TSI) project and Methamphetamine Treatment Project (MTP) were used to compare treatment measures between a sample of AI/ANs and a matched comparison group. Our results revealed no significant differences between AI/ANs and the matched comparison group in treatment outcomes at 12-months post-treatment based on legal, employment, medical, and psychiatric measures. AI/ANs also received more family-related services (29.9% vs. 17.1%) and abuse-related services (21.3% vs. 7.6%). Addressing barriers to receiving substance abuse treatment and enhancing screening methods for AI/ANs are suggested.

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