Article

Specialist early and immediate repair of post-laparoscopic cholecystectomy bile duct injuries is associated with an improved long-term outcome.

University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
Annals of surgery (Impact Factor: 7.9). 03/2011; 253(3):553-60. DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318208fad3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A majority of bile duct injuries (BDI) sustained during laparoscopic cholecystectomy require formal surgical reconstruction, and traditionally this repair is performed late. We aimed to assess long-term outcomes after repair, focusing on our preferred early approach.
A total of 200 BDI patients [age 54(20-83); 64 male], followed up for median 60 (5-212) months were assessed for morbidity. Factors contributing to this were analyzed with a univariate and multivariate analysis.
A total of 112 (56%) patients were repaired by specialist hepatobiliary surgeons [timing of repair: immediate, n = 28; early (<21 days), n = 43; and late (>21 days) n = 41], whereas 45 (22%) underwent repair by nonspecialist surgeons before specialist referral [immediate, n = 16; early, n = 26 and late, n = 03]. Outcomes after immediate and early repairs were comparable to late repairs when performed by specialists [recurrent cholangitis:11%, 12%, and 10%; P = 0.96, NS; re-stricture:18%,5%, and 29%; P = 0.01; nonsurgical intervention: 14%, 5%, and 24%; P<0.03; redo surgery: 4%, 2%, and 5%; P = 0.81, NS; overall morbidity: 21%, 14%, and 39%; P<0.02]. On multivariate analysis, immediate and early repairs done by nonspecialist surgeons were independent risk factors (P < 0.05) for recurrent cholangitis [50% and 27%], re-stricturing (75% and 61%), redo reconstructions (31% and 61%), and overall morbidity (75% and 84%).
Immediate and early repair after BDI results in comparable, if not better long-term outcomes compared to late repair when performed by specialists.

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