Oncological and functional outcomes of radical cystectomy and orthotopic bladder replacement in women.
ABSTRACT To report oncological and functional results in women undergoing radical cystectomy and orthotopic bladder replacement.
The charts of all women undergoing bladder replacement after radical cystectomy at UCSF through April 2008 were reviewed. Pathologic characteristics, survival (overall and disease-specific), and urinary functional outcomes are reported. Survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods, and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to determine factors associated with incontinence, retention, and mortality.
Fifty-six women with a mean follow-up of 35 months were analyzed. The cancer recurrence rate was 32%. Kaplan-Meier estimated 5-year recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival were 54%, 57%, and 47%, respectively. Pathologic lymph node status (HR 14.2, P <.001) and age at diagnosis (HR 1.7, P = .04) were the only clinical or pathologic characteristics significantly associated with survival. The overall continence rate (no pads) was 57%. Hypercontinence occurred in 24% of patients.
With careful patient selection and usage of urethral frozen section, rates of local recurrence are low. Overall rates of incontinence (43%) and hypercontinence (24%) are similar to those previously reported. When pathologically organ-confined, women have an excellent disease-specific survival. Orthotopic bladder replacement is a safe and effective form of urinary diversion after radical cystectomy in women.
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate sex as a possible prognostic factor in bladder cancer patients treated with transurethral resection (TURBT) and radio- (RT) or radiochemotherapy (RCT). METHODS: Kaplan-Meier analyses and multiple Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to analyze sex as a possible prognostic factor on the overall (OS) and cancer-specific (CSS) survival of 386 male and 105 female patients who underwent TURBT and RCT or RT with curative intent between 1982 and 2007. RESULTS: After a follow-up of 5 years, female sex demonstrated a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.79 (95 % CI 1.24-2.57) for OS; for CSS, the HR was 2.4 (95 % CI 1.52-3.80). Sex was an adverse prognosticator of both OS and CSS independent from age at diagnosis, cT stage, grading, concurrent cis, LVI, focality, therapy response, resection status and therapy mode. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed significantly reduced OS of women compared with men, with a median survival of 2.3 years for female patients and 5.1 years for male patients (p = 0.045, log-rank test). The estimated median CSS was 7.1 years for female patients and 12.7 years for male patients (p = 0.11, log-rank test). CONCLUSIONS: Female sex is an independent prognostic factor for reduced OS and CSS in bladder cancer patients treated by TURBT and RT or RCT. These data are in agreement with those reported for OS after radical cystectomy in muscle-invasive bladder cancers. Therefore, further studies are strongly warranted to obtain more information about molecular differences regarding sex-specific carcinogenesis in bladder cancer and about possible therapeutic considerations.World Journal of Urology 10/2012; DOI:10.1007/s00345-012-0971-5 · 3.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional and oncological outcomes of orthotopic neobladders in women with urothelial cancer. Material and methods. From 1993 to 2007, 61 women underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic ileal neobladder using the hemi-Kock pouch or Skinner T pouch. Sixteen of them were excluded owing to a lack of available follow-up data. Finally, 39 women with diagnosed TCC were included in this retrospective study. Demographic data, functional outcome including micturition characteristics such as voided volume, continence situation, use of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC), residual urine volume and recurrence rate were collected 3, 6 and >12 months after surgery. Results. Tumours were non-muscle-invasive in 13 patients (pT1; 32.8%) with isolated carcinoma in situ (after failure of bacillus Calmette-Guérin) in five patients (13.0%) and muscle-invasive in 19 patients (pT2-3; 49.0%), extensive superficial bladder cancer was shown in one patient (2.6%), and remaining dysplasia after transurethral resection of the bladder for T1 G2 in one patient (2.6%). Median follow-up was 37 (range 3-165) months. Day-time (71.4%) and night-time (67.8%) continence (0-1 pad/24 h) 3 months postoperatively increased to 83.8% on long-term follow-up. Clean intermittent self-catheterization was required by 20%. At a mean follow-up of 39.5 (8-86) months, two women experienced local recurrence (septum rectovaginale, pelvic floor), urethral recurrence was seen in 5.2% and distant metastasis (pulmonary, peritoneal carcinosis) also in 5.2%. Conclusions. Orthotopic bladder replacement is an efficient option in appropriately selected women undergoing radical cystectomy, with encouraging functional outcome and low urethral recurrence rates, similar to published literature in men.01/2013; DOI:10.3109/00365599.2012.738429
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ABSTRACT: To assess health-related quality of life, and the impact of night-time incontinence and chronic urinary retention on health-related quality of life in women with bladder cancer after radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder. The study included 74 women who underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder, and completed 1 year of follow up. Health-related quality of life was evaluated using the questionnaires of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy bladder cancer-specific form. Health-related quality of life was compared with an age-matched control group. The impact of night-time incontinence and chronic urinary retention on health-related quality of life was assessed. The study group included 18 completely continent patients with spontaneous voiding, 29 with night-time incontinence and 27 with chronic urinary retention. The study group was statistically significantly lower in all domains of health-related quality of life than the control group. In all domains of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy bladder cancer-specific form, completely continent women were comparable with those with chronic urinary retention. Women with night-time incontinence had a significantly worse health-related quality of life than completely continent women, shown by the mean global health score (P = 0.038), social functioning score (P = 0.012), pain European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire score (P = 0.04), and functional well-being Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy bladder cancer-specific form (P = 0.049) score. After radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder in women, health-related quality of life is lower than that of the normal population. Night-time incontinence has a negative impact on social life and most domains of health-related quality of life. Thus, night-time incontinence has a higher social impact than chronic urinary retention.International Journal of Urology 03/2014; 21(9). DOI:10.1111/iju.12452 · 1.80 Impact Factor