A Role for Nuclear Factor Interleukin-3 (NFIL3), a Critical Transcriptional Repressor, in Down-Regulation of Periovulatory Gene Expression

College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036, People's Republic of China.
Molecular Endocrinology (Impact Factor: 4.2). 03/2011; 25(3):445-59. DOI: 10.1210/me.2010-0250
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The LH surge triggers dramatic transcriptional changes in genes associated with ovulation and luteinization. The present study investigated the spatiotemporal expression of nuclear factor IL-3 (NFIL3), a transcriptional regulator of the basic leucine zipper transcription factor superfamily, and its potential role in the ovary during the periovulatory period. Immature female rats were injected with pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin, treated with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and ovaries or granulosa cells were collected at various times after hCG. Nfil3 mRNA was highly induced both in intact ovaries and granulosa cells after hCG treatment. In situ hybridization demonstrated that Nfil3 mRNA was highly induced in theca-interstitial cells at 4-8 h after hCG, localized to granulosa cells at 12 h, and decreased at 24 h. Overexpression of NFIL3 in granulosa cells inhibited the induction of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (Ptgs2), progesterone receptor (Pgr), epiregulin (Ereg), and amphiregulin (Areg) and down-regulated levels of prostaglandin E2. The inhibitory effect on Ptgs2 induction was reversed by NFIL3 small interfering RNA treatment. In theca-interstitial cells the expression of hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase 15-(nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) (Hpgd) was also inhibited by NFIL3 overexpression. Data from luciferase assays demonstrated that NFIL3 overexpression decreased the induction of the Ptgs2 and Areg promoter activity. EMSA and chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses indicated that NFIL3 binds to the promoter region containing the DNA-binding sites of cAMP response element binding protein and CCAAT enhancer binding protein-β. In summary, hCG induction of NFIL3 expression may modulate the process of ovulation and theca-interstitial and granulosa cell differentiation by regulating expression of PTGS2, PGR, AREG, EREG, and HPGD, potentially through interactions with cAMP response element binding protein and CCAAT enhancer binding protein-β on their target gene promoters.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bifenthrin (BF), a broad-spectrum and widely used synthetic pyrethroid, is a typical chiral pesticide. More attention is being paid to the health risk assessment of the enantioselective toxicity of BF isomers. In this study, we used rat ovarian granulosa cells as in vitro model to investigate effects of BF enantiomers on the biosynthesis of two hormones, progesterone and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which are critical for mammalian reproduction. We showed that 1S-cis-BF, but not 1R-cis-BF significantly decreased the secretion of progesterone and PGE2 in granulosa cells. 1S-isomer of BF reduced the expression of genes P450scc, StAR, PBR and DBI, as well as COX-2, which are involved in regulating the rate-limiting steps of progesterone or PGE2 biosynthesis. The transcriptional activation of StAR and COX-2 promoter were disrupted by 1S-cis-BF. Furthermore, activity of protein kinase C (PKC), an important signaling mediator of progesterone and PGE2 synthesis, was differentially inhibited by 1S-cis-BF. The data of molecular docking revealed that one hydrogen bond was formed between 1S-cis-BF and PKC protein. In conclusion, we firstly reported in this study the enantioselective disrupting effects of BF isomers on progesterone and PGE2 synthesis via PKC pathway in rat ovarian cells. Our findings suggest that the enantioselective toxicity of chiral pesticides should be considered for evaluating mammalian reproductive health, a toxicologic endpoint of great concern in health risk assessment.
    Toxicology 08/2011; 290(1):42-9. DOI:10.1016/j.tox.2011.08.016 · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Until recently, the basic leucine zipper transcription factor E4BP4 (also known as NFIL3) was of little interest to immunologists, being best known for its role in regulating circadian rhythm in chick pineal gland. However, characterisation of E4bp4(-/-) mice, independently generated in four different laboratories, has revealed roles for E4BP4 in diverse haematopoietic lineages. E4BP4 is essential for the development of NK cells and CD8α(+) conventional dendritic cells, and is also involved in macrophage activation, polarisation of CD4(+) T cell responses and B cell class switching to IgE. Here, we discuss the role of E4BP4 as a regulator of the immune response and highlight future questions for the field.
    Trends in Immunology 11/2011; 33(2):98-102. DOI:10.1016/ · 12.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Transcription factors induced by the LH surge play a vital role in reprogramming the gene expression in periovulatory follicles. The present study investigated the role of RUNX2 transcription factor in regulating the expression of Runx1, Ptgs2, and Tnfaip6 using cultured granulosa cells isolated from PMSG-primed immature rats. hCG or forskolin+PMA induced the transient increase in Runx1, Ptgs2, and Tnfaip6 expression, while the expression of Runx2 continued to increase until 48 h. The knockdown of the agonist-stimulated Runx2 expression increased Runx1, Ptgs2, and Tnfaip6 expression and PGE(2) levels in luteinizing granulosa cells. Conversely, the over-expression of RUNX2 inhibited the expression of these genes and PGE(2) levels. The mutation of RUNX binding motifs in the Runx1 promoter enhanced transcriptional activity of the Runx1 promoter. The knockdown and overexpression of Runx2 increased and decreased Runx1 promoter activity, respectively. ChIP assays revealed the binding of RUNX2 in the Runx1 and Ptgs2 promoters. Together, these novel findings provide support for the role of RUNX2 in down-regulation of Runx1, Ptgs2, and Tnfaip6 during the late ovulatory period to support proper ovulation and/or luteinization.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 06/2012; 362(1-2):165-75. DOI:10.1016/j.mce.2012.06.005 · 4.24 Impact Factor
Show more