[Atrial fibrillation in 2010: an increasing morbidity and mortality burden].
ABSTRACT AF, a frequent and banal arrhythmia, is a debilitating and costly disease. The majority of patients with AF are aged 60 to 80 years, but the prevalence is as high as 10% after 80 years and the incidence increases in recent years in an "epidemic" way. AF is responsible for an excess of mortality with an relative risk between 2 and 4 depending of age and sex, especially as cardiovascular risk factors are associated. The morbidity is also important, with cerebral systemic embolism (2-3% per year), heart failure (1 patient for 3), and a total risk of hospitalization from 20 to 30% per year for AF patients with high cardiovascular risks. Whatever be the reasons for hospitalization, cardiovascular or not, in connection with AF or not, these reasons must be well analyzed, so that the risk of occurrence of hospitalization should reflect the efficacy of anti-arrhythmic drugs, or of their complications, or of the comorbidities associated with AF, so common in these older subjects. This morbidity-mortality composite endpoint should now be used in AF randomized trials, as occurring more frequently than mortality (4% per year) or embolic or hemorrhagic usual endpoints. Medico-economic consequences are significant and AF cost is almost 1% of total health spending, with 20% to 30% of the cost for anti-arrhythmic or anti-thrombotic drugs, and 50 to 60% for hospitalizations. Prevention of hospitalizations related to atrial fibrillation may represent a therapeutic target priority on the medico-economic ground.
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ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrosis, as a hallmark of atrial structure remodeling, plays an important role in maintenance of chronic atrial fibrillation, but interrelationship of atrial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation is uncertain. Label-free proteomics can implement high throughput screening for finding and analyzing pivotal proteins related to the disease.. Therefore, we used label-free proteomics to explore and analyze differentially proteins in chronic atrial fibrillation patients with mitral valve disease. Left and right atrial appendages obtained from patients with mitral valve disease were both in chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF, AF≥6 months, n = 6) and in sinus rhythm (SR, n = 6). One part of the sample was used for histological analysis and fibrosis quantification; other part were analyzed by label-free proteomic combining liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (LC-MS), we utilized bioinformatics analysis to identify differential proteins. Degree of atrial fibrosis was higher in CAF patients than that of SR patients. 223 differential proteins were detected between two groups. These proteins mainly had vital functions such as cell proliferation, stress response, focal adhesion apoptosis. We evaluated that serine/threonine protein kinase N2 (PKN2), dermatopontin(DP), S100 calcium binding protein B(S100B), protein tyrosine kinase 2(PTK2) and discoidin domain receptor tyrosine kinase 2(DDR2) played important roles in fibrotic process related to atrial fibrillation. The study presented differential proteins responsible for atrial fibrosis in chronic atrial fibrillation patients through label-free proteomic analysis. We assessed some vital proteins including their characters and roles. These findings may open up new realm for mechanism research of atrial fibrillation.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(4):e60210. · 3.73 Impact Factor