Does morbid obesity negatively affect the hospital course of patients undergoing treatment of closed, lower-extremity diaphyseal long-bone fractures?
ABSTRACT Obesity is prevalent in the developed world and is associated with significant costs to the health care system. The effect of morbid obesity in patients operatively treated for long-bone fractures of the lower extremity is largely unknown. The National Trauma Data Bank was accessed to determine if morbidly obese patients (body mass index >40) with lower extremity fractures have longer length of hospital stay, higher cost, greater rehabilitation admission rates, and more complications than nonobese patients. We identified patients with operatively treated diaphyseal femur (6920) and tibia (5190) fractures. Polytrauma patients and patients younger than 16 years were excluded. Morbidly obese patients were identified by ICD-9 and database comorbidity designation (femur, 131 morbidly obese; tibia, 75 morbidly obese). Patients meeting these criteria who were not morbidly obese were used as controls. Sensitivity analyses were performed to analyze patients with isolated trauma to the tibia or femur. Morbidly obese patients were more likely to be admitted to a subacute facility. Length of stay trended higher in morbidly obese patients. There was no significant relationship between obesity and inpatient mortality or inpatient complications. These trends held true when considering patients with multiple injuries and patients who had isolated long-bone injuries. Our study showed that morbidly obese patients may have greater rehabilitation needs following long-bone fractures in the lower extremity. Our study showed no difference in mortality or complications, although further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Article: Obesity and fractures[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Until recently obesity was believed to be protective against fractures. However, a report from a Fracture Liaison Clinic in the UK (2010) reported a surprisingly high proportion of obese postmenopausal women attending the clinic with fractures, and in the GLOW study (2011), a similar prevalence and incidence of fractures in obese and non-obese postmenopausal women was observed. Subsequently, other studies have demonstrated the importance of obesity in the epidemiology of fractures. Obese women are at increased risk of fracture in ankle, leg, humerus, and vertebral column and at lower risk of wrist, hip and pelvis fracture when compared to non-obese women. In men, it has been reported that multiple rib fractures are associated with obesity. Furthermore, falls appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis of fractures in obese subjects. Regarding hip fracture and major fractures, the FRAX algorithm has proven to be a useful predictor in obese individuals. Obese people are less likely to receive bone protective treatment; they have a longer hospital stay and a lower quality of life both before and after fracture. Moreover, the efficacy of antiresorptive therapies is not well established in obese people. The latter is a field for future research.Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 07/2014; 58(5):470-477. DOI:10.1590/0004-2730000003274 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Controversy exists regarding obesity-related injury severity and clinical outcomes after orthopedic trauma. Purpose The purposes of this study were to expand our understanding of the effect of morbid obesity on perioperative and acute care outcomes after acetabular fracture. Methods This was a retrospective review of patients with acetabular fracture after trauma. Non-morbidly obese (BMI < 35 kg/m2) and morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2; N = 81). Injury severity scores and Glasgow Coma Scale scores (GCS) were collected. Perioperative and acute care outcomes were positioning and operative time, extra fractures, estimated blood loss, complications, hospital charges, ventilator days, transfusions, length of stay (LOS) and discharge destination. Positioning and operative times were longer in morbidly obese patients (p < 0.05). No other differences existed between groups. Conclusions Orthopedic trauma surgeons and care teams can expect similar acute care outcomes in morbidly obese and non-morbidly obese patients with acetabular fracture.06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jor.2014.04.016
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ABSTRACT: Despite modern advances in the treatment of tibial shaft fractures, complications including nonunion, malunion, and infection remain relatively frequent. A better understanding of these injuries and its complications could lead to prevention rather than treatment strategies. A retrospective study was performed to identify risk factors for deep infection and compromised fracture healing after intramedullary nailing (IMN) of tibial shaft fractures.Injury 12/2014; 37. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2014.12.018 · 2.46 Impact Factor