Jasmonic acid perception by COI1 involves inositol polyphosphates in Arabidopsis thaliana.
ABSTRACT Plant responses to wounding are part of their defense responses against insects, and are tightly regulated. The isoleucin conjugate of jasmonic acid (JA-Ile) is a major regulatory molecule. We have previously shown that inositol polyphosphate signals are required for defense responses in Arabidopsis; however, the way in which inositol polyphosphates contribute to plant responses to wounding has so far remained unclear. Arabidopsis F-box proteins involved in the perception of JA-Ile (COI1) and auxin (TIR1) are structurally similar. Because TIR1 has recently been shown to contain inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP₆) as a co-factor of unknown function, here we explored the possibility that InsP₆ or another inositol polyphosphate is required for COI1 function. In support of this hypothesis, COI1 variants with changes in putative inositol polyphosphate coordinating residues exhibited a reduced interaction with the COI1 target, JAZ9, in yeast two-hybrid tests. The equivalent COI1 variants displayed a reduced capability to rescue jasmonate-mediated root growth inhibition or silique development in Arabidopsis coi1 mutants. Yeast two-hybrid tests using wild-type COI1 in an ipk1Δ yeast strain exhibiting increased levels of inositol pentakisphosphate (InsP₅) and reduced levels of InsP₆ indicate an enhanced COI1/JAZ9 interaction. Consistent with these findings, Arabidopsis ipk1-1 mutants, also with increased InsP₅ and reduced InsP₆ levels, showed increased defensive capabilities via COI1-mediated processes, including wound-induced gene expression, defense against caterpillars or root growth inhibition by jasmonate. The combined data from experiments using mutated COI1 variants, as well as yeast and Arabidopsis backgrounds altered in inositol polyphosphate metabolism, indicate that an inositol polyphosphate, and probably InsP₅, contributes to COI1 function.
Article: silencing COI1 in rice increases susceptibility to chewing insects and impairs inducible defense.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The jasmonic acid (JA) pathway plays a key role in plant defense responses against herbivorous insects. CORONATINE INSENSITIVE1 (COI1) is an F-box protein essential for all jasmonate responses. However, the precise defense function of COI1 in monocotyledonous plants, especially in rice (Oryza sativa L.) is largely unknown. We silenced OsCOI1 in rice plants via RNA interference (RNAi) to determine the role of OsCOI1 in rice defense against rice leaf folder (LF) Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, a chewing insect, and brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens, a phloem-feeding insect. In wild-type rice plants (WT), the transcripts of OsCOI1 were strongly and continuously up-regulated by LF infestation and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) treatment, but not by BPH infestation. The abundance of trypsin protease inhibitor (TrypPI), and the enzymatic activities of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) were enhanced in response to both LF and BPH infestation, but the activity of lipoxygenase (LOX) was only induced by LF. The RNAi lines with repressed expression of OsCOI1 showed reduced resistance against LF, but no change against BPH. Silencing OsCOI1 did not alter LF-induced LOX activity and JA content, but it led to a reduction in the TrypPI content, POD and PPO activity by 62.3%, 48.5% and 27.2%, respectively. In addition, MeJA-induced TrypPI and POD activity were reduced by 57.2% and 48.2% in OsCOI1 RNAi plants. These results suggest that OsCOI1 is an indispensable signaling component, controlling JA-regulated defense against chewing insect (LF) in rice plants, and COI1 is also required for induction of TrypPI, POD and PPO in rice defense response to LF infestation.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(4):e36214. · 4.09 Impact Factor