The Data of Diagnosis: New Approaches to Psychiatric Classification
National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-9625, USA.Psychiatry Interpersonal & Biological Processes (Impact Factor: 3.05). 12/2010; 73(4):311-4. DOI: 10.1521/psyc.2010.73.4.311
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10862-015-9521-y · 1.55 Impact Factor
- "; Nolen-Hoeksema and Watkins 2011). Furthermore, clinical scientists have begun to recognize that these overlapping patterns of dysfunction might best be quantified and examined by identifying patterns of patients' functioning across multiple indices such as subjective feelings, physiological arousal, neurobiological processes, genetic factors, and motivated behaviors, among others (Cuthbert and Insel 2010). "
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- "This approach facilitates diagnostic agreement among clinicians but may hamper the search for underlying biobehavioral signatures of these conditions (e.g., Gross & Jazaieri, 2014). In response to the emphasis of the DSM and its predecessors in favoring surface characteristics, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has proposed an alternate system of nosology called the " Research Domain Criteria initiative " (Cuthbert & Insel, 2010), which seeks to identify mechanisms that explain processes from normative to dysfunctional variants in hopes that new forms of intervention can be developed to normalize the underlying biobehavioral markers and ideally improve treatment efficacy for otherwise treatment refractory disorders. One set of particularly refractory conditions is the " distress disorders, " which include generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and posttraumatic stress disorder. "
ABSTRACT: Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:Psychological Inquiry 03/2015; 26(1):80-92. DOI:10.1080/1047840X.2015.969624 · 6.65 Impact Factor
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- "We endorse this new methodology because we recognize its inherent value. Nevertheless, even a brief summary of this approach is well beyond the scope of this article (for comprehensive reviews, see Casey, Oliveri, & Insel, 2014; Cuthbert & Insel, 2010; Insel et al., 2010; Sanislow et al., 2010; Voeller, 2004; Whelan et al., 2012). "
ABSTRACT: This article provides a review of the construct of attention from a non-traditional standpoint. Attention is conceptualized by focusing on the categorical concept of the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, large-scale brain network models of functional neuroanatomy, and implications for understanding lateralized hemispheric brain organization. Cortical systems are multifunctional, with certain degrees of specialization, but no cortical region or network supports only one, specific, isolated cognitive process, such as attention. Future implications for clinical practice must focus on connectivity patterns rather than the idea of "domains" or "constructs" when considering attention and other cognitive processes. This has significant implications for the future of neuropsychological assessment and intervention.02/2015; 4(2):1-9. DOI:10.1080/21622965.2015.1005482
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