From sequence to structural analysis in protein phosphorylation motifs.

Biocomputing Group, Department of Biochemical Science A Rossi Fanelli, Sapienza University of Rome, P le Aldo Moro 5, Rome, Italy.
Frontiers in Bioscience (Impact Factor: 4.25). 01/2011; 16:1261-75.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Phosphorylation is the most widely studied post-translational modification occurring in cells. While mass spectrometry-based proteomics experiments are uncovering thousands of novel in vivo phosphorylation sites, the identification of kinase specificity rules still remains a relatively slow and often inefficacious task. In the last twenty years, many efforts have being devoted to the experimental and computational identification of sequence and structural motifs encoding kinase-substrate interaction key residues and the phosphorylated amino acid itself. In this review, we retrace the road to the discovery of phosphorylation sequence motifs, examine the progresses achieved in the detection of three-dimensional motifs and discuss their importance in the understanding of regulation and de-regulation of many cellular processes.

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