Traditional Chinese formula, lubricating gut pill, stimulates cAMP-dependent CI(−) secretion across rat distal colonic mucosa.
ABSTRACT Lubricating gut pill (LGP), a traditional Chinese formula, had been conformed to improve the loperamide-induced rat constipation by stimulation of Cl(-) secretion, but its mechanism has not been fully explored. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify the action sites of LGP-stimulated Cl(-) secretion across rat distal colonic mucosa.
Rat distal colonic mucosa was mounted in Ussing chambers and short circuit current (I(SC)), apical Cl(-) current and basolateral K(+) current were recorded. Intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) content and protein kinase A (PKA) activity were determined with ELISA kit and the non-radioactive PepTag test, respectively.
LGP at 800μg/ml elicited a sustained increase in Cl(-) secretory response, which was inhibited by CFTR(inh)172, a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) inhibitor. Permeabilizing apical membrane with nystatin revealed that LGP-stimulated basolateral K(+) current was significantly inhibited by KCNQ1 K(+) channel inhibitor chromanol 293B. LGP-stimulated I(SC) was markedly reduced by pretreatment with cis-N-[2-phenylcyclopentyl]-azacyclotridec-1-en-2amine (MDL-12,330A) and N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H-89), but not with inhibitors of Ca(2+)-dependent signaling pathway. Treatment of tissue with LGP resulted in an increase in intracellular cAMP level and the activation in protein kinase A. The E-prostanoid(4) (EP)(4) receptor antagonist L-161,982 completely eliminated LGP-induced response.
The results showed that LGP enhances Cl(-) and fluid secretion via prostanoid receptor signaling and also cAMP and protein kinase A pathway, subsequently triggering the activation of apical Cl(-) channels mostly CFTR and basolateral cAMP-dependent K(+) channel.
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ABSTRACT: A protein determination method which involves the binding of Coomassie Brilliant Blue G-250 to protein is described. The binding of the dye to protein causes a shift in the absorption maximum of the dye from 465 to 595 nm, and it is the increase in absorption at 595 nm which is monitored. This assay is very reproducible and rapid with the dye binding process virtually complete in approximately 2 min with good color stability for 1 hr. There is little or no interference from cations such as sodium or potassium nor from carbohydrates such as sucrose. A small amount of color is developed in the presence of strongly alkaline buffering agents, but the assay may be run accurately by the use of proper buffer controls. The only components found to give excessive interfering color in the assay are relatively large amounts of detergents such as sodium dodecyl sulfate, Triton X-100, and commercial glassware detergents. Interference by small amounts of detergent may be eliminated by the use of proper controls.Analytical Biochemistry 06/1976; 72:248-54. · 2.58 Impact Factor