A sustainable route for the preparation of activated carbon and silica from rice husk ash.

College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Qianjin Street, 2699, Changchun 130012, China.
Journal of hazardous materials (Impact Factor: 4.14). 02/2011; 186(2-3):1314-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.12.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An environmentally friendly and economically effective process to produce silica and activated carbon form rice husk ask simultaneously has been developed in this study. An extraction yield of silica of 72-98% was obtained and the particle size was 40-50 nm. The microstructures of the as-obtained silica powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectra (IR). The surface area, iodine number and capacitance value of activated carbon could achieve 570 m(2)/g, 1708 mg/g, 180 F/g, respectively. In the whole synthetic procedure, the wastewater and the carbon dioxide were collected and reutilized. The recovery rate of sodium carbonate was achieved 92.25%. The process is inexpensive, sustainable, environmentally friendly and suitable for large-scale production.