Effects of endogenous substance P expression on degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells.
ABSTRACT To determine whether RBL-2H3 cells have endogenous substance P (SP) expression under immunoglobulin E (IgE)-activated and inactivated conditions, and to ascertain the function of endogenous SP in the antigen-induced degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells.
SP mRNA and protein expression in both inactivated and 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP)-specific IgE-activated RBL-2H3 cells were assessed by real-time PCR and immunofluorescence, respectively. Following activation with DNP-specific IgE, the degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells in response to DNP-bovine serum albumin (BSA), with and without endogenous SP expression, was assessed by monitoring the release of the granular enzyme β-hexosaminidase.
Endogenous SP mRNA and peptide expression increased in activated RBL-2H3 cells, compared with inactivated RBL-2H3 cells. The small hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of endogenous SP reduced the degranulation ability of RBL-2H3 cells.
Activated RBL-2H3 cells express endogenous SP which plays a role in antigen-induced degranulation.
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ABSTRACT: Platelet activating factor (PAF) interacts with cell surface receptors to mediate inflammatory responses. To determine the mechanisms of PAF receptor regulation, we constructed epitope-tagged human PAF receptor cDNA (ET-PAFR) and generated stable transfectants in a rat basophilic cell line (RBL-2H3 cells). The expressed receptors displayed ligand binding and functional properties similar to the native receptors in neutrophils. PAF-stimulated intracellular Ca2+ mobilization was not inhibited by pertussis toxin (PTx), whereas phosphoinositide hydrolysis and secretion were blocked by approximately 40%. The PTx-resistant secretion mediated by PAF was, however, inhibited by guanosine 5'-O-(2-thio-diphosphate) in permeabilized RBL-2H3 cells, indicating a role for PTx-insensitive G protein. In contrast to the PAF receptor, responses mediated by formylpeptide and C5a chemoattractants were inhibited by PTx. PAF stimulated a dose- and time-dependent phosphorylation of its receptor. ET-PAFR was also phosphorylated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Staurosporine caused complete inhibition of ET-PAFR phosphorylation by PMA but only partial inhibition by PAF. Receptor phosphorylation by PAF and PMA correlated with desensitization as measured by a decrease in both PAF-stimulated GTPase activity in membranes and Ca2+ mobilization in intact cells. Phosphorylation of ET-PAFR by dibutyryl cyclic AMP was not, however, associated with desensitization. These data demonstrate that a single PAF receptor population interacts with multiple G proteins to mediate its biological responses. Moreover, ET-PAFR, unlike the formylpeptide or C5a receptors, is phosphorylated by at least three kinases (most likely protein kinases A and C and a receptor kinase). The functional consequences of cellular activation by various chemoattractants may depend upon the G protein to which their receptor is coupled.Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/1994; 269(40):24557-63. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 2H3 subline of rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells are mast cell analogs that lack responsiveness to nonimmunologic stimuli such as compound 48/80 and substance P. To determine if fibroblasts can influence this responsiveness, RBL-2H3 cells were cocultured with confluent monolayers of mouse 3T3 fibroblasts and assayed for secretagogue-induced histamine release. After 1 wk in coculture, RBL-2H3 cells began to respond to compound 48/80. Responsiveness reached a maximum at 2 wk in coculture and remained at this level for an additional 2 wk. Histamine release was specific, noncytotoxic, dose-dependent, and occurred even in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. No soluble factor from 3T3 cells was found that induced these alterations. Moreover, neither recombinant rat or mouse steel factor, at concentrations up to 250 ng/ml, was able to alter RBL-2H3 cell reactivity to compound 48/80. By 2 wk in coculture, RBL-2H3 cells also became responsive to substance P, although no changes in histamine content, Alcian blue+/safranin- staining or type of serine protease were detected. These results show that 3T3 fibroblasts cause an alteration in the functional repertoire of RBL-2H3 cells and that soluble steel factor cannot duplicate the effect.The Journal of Immunology 02/1993; 150(2):617-24. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although direct activation of mast cells by high concentrations (>10(-6) M) of substance P is well established, the effect of sub-micromolar concentrations of the neuropeptide on mast cell activation has not been reported. We hence investigated if substance P would modulate immunologic activation of mast cells by studying the effect of the neuropeptide on anti-rat immunologlobulin E antibody (anti-IgE)-induced histamine release from purified rat peritoneal mast cells. We observed that substance P could dose-dependently potentiate anti-IgE-induced histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells at concentrations (3x10(-9) M to 3x10(-7) M) which alone induced insignificant or low level of histamine release. While the potentiating effect of substance P was not suppressed by any of the non-peptide tachykinin receptor antagonists CP99994 ((2S,3S)-3-(2-methoxybenzylamino)-2-phenylpiperidine), SR48968 ((S)-N-methyl-N-(4-acetylamino-4-phenylpiperidino)-2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl) butyl-benzamide) and SR142801 ((S)-(N)-(1-[3-(1-benzoyl-3(3,4-dichlorophenyl)piperidine-3-yl)propyl]-4-phenylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-methyl-acetamide), it was mimicked by compound 48/80 and suppressed by benzalkonium chloride. Hence, substance P enhanced anti-IgE-induced histamine release through a similar receptor-independent mechanism as the direct mast cell activating action of polybasic compounds. Since high concentrations of substance P required for directly activating mast cells may not be achievable physiologically, the enhancing actions of the neuropeptide on the immunologic activation of mast cells may be more clinically relevant in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory conditions.European Journal of Pharmacology 04/2001; 414(2-3):295-303. · 2.59 Impact Factor