Tibiotalocalcaneal Arthrodesis With a Curved, Interlocking, Intramedullary Nail
ABSTRACT Tibiotalocalcaneal fusion with a straight rod has a risk of damaging the lateral plantar neurovascular structures and may interfere with maintaining normal heel valgus position.We report the results of a prospective study of tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis with a short, anatomically curved interlocking, intramedullary nail.
Forty-five arthrodesis in 42 patients, performed between Jan 2003 and Oct 2008, were prospectively followed. The mean followup was 48 (range, 10 to 74) months. The main indications for the procedure were failed ankle arthrodesis with progressive subtalar arthritis, failed ankle arthroplasty and complex hindfoot deformity. The outcome was measured by a combination of pre and postoperative clinical examination, AOFAS hindfoot scores, SF-12 scores and radiological assessment.
Union rate was 89% (40/45). Eighty-two percent (37/45) reported improvement in pain and 73% (33/45) had improved foot function. Satisfactory hindfoot alignment was achieved in 84% (38/45). Postoperatively there was a mean improvement in the AOFAS score of 37. Complications included a below knee amputation for persistent deep infection, five nonunions, and three delayed unions. Four nails, six proximal and six distal locking screws were removed for various causes. Other complications included two perioperative fractures, four superficial wound infections and one case of lateral plantar nerve irritation.
With a short, anatomically curved intramedullary nail, we had a high rate of tibiotalocalcaneal fusion with minimal plantar neurovascular complications. We believe a short, curved intramedullary nail, with its more lateral entry point, helped maintain hindfoot alignment.
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ABSTRACT: Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis is aimed to block the ankle joint motion in cases of severe osteoarthritis, avascular necrosis of the talus and/or failure of arthroplasty operations. This systematic review was carried out to evaluate the clinical outcome after tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using intramedullary nail either open and arthroscopically assisted. Focus was on the success rate of the procedure in terms of union and complications and on the comparison between the techniques. The databases PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Cochrane Library were searched in order to retrieve relevant studies. All therapeutic level 1-4 studies involving humans with intramedullary nail fixation technique were included. Only studies written in English, Italian, French, Spanish and German were included. Data related to the type of surgery, complications and clinical outcomes were extracted and analysed. A total of 83 studies were identified, of which 32 studies were eligible for inclusion; 31 case series and one randomized controlled trial. The main reported outcome score was the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scale. Almost, all the included studies reported higher than 50 % union rates and a significant improvement in terms of the clinical and mechanical ankle function after treatment. Results suggest that satisfactory outcomes can be achieved by tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using intramedullary nailing. Low complication rates contribute to make this a safe procedure. No comparison can be done between arthroscopic and open technique, due to the lack of scientific works on the first one. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3548-1 · 2.84 Impact Factor
- 04/2015; DOI:10.1177/1071100715579264
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ABSTRACT: Charcot osteoarthropathy of the hindfoot with considerable dislocation and instability represents a therapeutic dilemma. The treatment goal is a plantigrade, stable foot that is free of infection and ulceration with the ability to ambulate in special footwear. Over a period of 6 years, we performed 23 hindfoot fusions in 21 patients with manifest Charcot arthropathy with the help of a curved retrograde nail (HAN). All patients suffered from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with polyneuropathy; 12 patients had additional peripheral vasculopathy. An average of 3.5 previous surgeries had been performed prior to hindfoot fusion. Complete tibiotalocalcaneal fusion was obtained in 16 of 21 patients (76 %). Of these 21 patients, 18 (86 %) were followed clinically and radiologically for an average of 2 years. Overall, 16 patients (89 %) reported a substantial subjective improvement compared to the preoperative state. Hardware failure occurred in 7 cases (30 %) that could be brought to consolidation with exchange of the locking bolts or the complete nail. In 5 cases (22 %), a postoperative hematoma had to be removed and in 8 cases (35 %) wound edge necrosis was treated with local wound care. In 2 cases (9 %), a secondary or reactivated osteitis occurred that finally required below knee amputation. Tibiotalocalcaneal fusion with a curved retrograde intramedullary nail (HAN) is an effective treatment option in highly unstable and deforming Charcot osteoarthropathy of the hindfoot. It is an alternative to external or other internal fixation methods and helps to avoid below knee amputation in more than 90 % of cases.