Insertion sequence elements in Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34: distribution and role in adaptation.
ABSTRACT Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 is a β-proteobacterium well equipped to cope with harsh environmental conditions such as heavy metal pollution. The strain carries two megaplasmids specialized in the response to heavy metals and a considerable number of genomic islands, transposons and insertion sequence (IS) elements. The latter were characterized in detail in this study, which revealed nine new IS elements totaling to 21 distinct IS elements from 10 different IS families and reaching a total of 57 intact IS copies in CH34. Analysis of all fully sequenced bacterial genomes revealed that relatives of these IS elements were mostly found in the Burkholderiaceae family (β-proteobacteria) to which C. metallidurans belongs. Three IS elements were 100% conserved in other bacteria suggesting recent interaction and horizontal transfer between these strains. In addition, a number of these IS elements were associated with genomic islands, gene inactivation or rearrangements that alter the autotrophic growth capacities of CH34. The latter rearrangements gave the first molecular evidence for the mutator phenotype that is characteristic for various C. metallidurans strains. Furthermore, differential expression of some IS elements (or adjacent genes in the same strand orientation) was found under heavy metal stress, an environmental stress to which C. metallidurans CH34 is well adapted. These observations indicate that these IS elements play an active role in C. metallidurans CH34 lifestyle, including its metabolic potential and adaptation under selective pressure.
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ABSTRACT: Cupriavidus metallidurans NA1, NA4, and NE12 were isolated from space and spacecraft-associated environments. Here, we report their draft genome sequences with the aim of gaining insight into their potential to adapt to these environments.Genome announcements. 01/2014; 2(4).
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ABSTRACT: Transposable elements (TEs) play an important role in the responsive capacity of their hosts in the face of environmental challenges. The variety of mechanisms by which TEs influence the capacity of adaptation of the host is as large as the variety of TEs and host genomes. For example, TEs might directly affect the function of individual genes, provide a mechanism for rapidly acquiring new genetic material and disseminate regulatory elements that can lead to the creation of stress-inducible regulatory networks. In this review, we summarize recent examples that are part of an increasing body of evidence suggesting a significant role of TEs in the host response to an ever-changing environment, both in prokaryote and in eukaryote organisms. We argue that in the near future, the increasing availability of genome sequences and the development of new tools to discover and analyse TE insertions will further show the relevant role of TEs in environmental adaptation.Molecular Ecology 01/2013; · 6.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 has long been known for its temperature-induced mutagenesis and mortality phenotype (TIMM), for which a genetic origin has been suggested repeatedly. In this report, we present microscopic-based evidences that the TIMM process actually starts with a septation defect, leading to aberrant cell morphologies. Moreover, the septation defect of CH34 could be induced by NaOCl, thus showing that the TIMM phenotype may be part of a more general stress response. Sequence analysis of a TIMM survivor exhibiting a recurrent recognizable lysA mutation ruled out the possibility of a genetic ground linking TIMM survival and peptidoglycan synthesis.FEMS Microbiology Letters 04/2014; 353(1):32-9. · 2.05 Impact Factor